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Scientific publications


Publications by Tim Sandle

Publications by Tim Sandle

This page lists all of my major publications.

Note: some of the listed publications are available as reprints free of charge, for others a nominal reprint charge is required ($25). Please email me if you would like a copy of any of the papers or chapters listed (timsandle@btinternet.com or tim.sandle@bpl.co.uk)

Books

Saghee, M.R., Sandle, T. and Tidswell, E.C. (Eds.) (2011): Microbiology and Sterility Assurance in Pharmaceuticals and Medical Devices, New Delhi : Business Horizons

Sandle, T. (2011): Two extremes? Flexible working in Europe: A study of differences in Flexible Working Time between two European Plasma Fractionators in Britain and the Netherlands, Saarbrucken: VDM Publishing, IBSN 978-3-639-34965-8

Sandle, T. (2012). The CDC Handbook: A Guide to Cleaning and Disinfecting Cleanrooms, Grosvenor House Publishing: Surrey, UK (2nd edition published in 2016)

Sandle, T. (2012). Pharmaceutical Microbiology Glossary, Microbiology Solutions: UK (Kindle only eBook ASIN: B0092G1246)

Sandle, T. (2012). E-Guide to Cleanrooms, Microbiology Solutions: UK (Kindle only eBook ASIN: B009IXFJ92)

Sandle, T. and Saghee, M.R. (2013). Cleanroom Management in Pharmaceuticals and Healthcare, Euromed Communications: Passfield, UK

Second edition:

Sandle, T. and Saghee, M. R. (Eds) Cleanroom Management in Pharmaceuticals and Healthcare, 2nd Edition, Euromed Communications, Passfield, U.K. (2017)

Sandle, T. (2013) Sterility Testing of Pharmaceutical Products, PDA / DHI, River Grove, IL, USA

Sandle, T. (2013). Sterility, Sterilisation and Sterility Assurance for Pharmaceuticals: Technology, Validation and Current Regulations, Woodhead Publishing Ltd.: Cambridge, UK (ISBN 1 907568 38 7)

Sandle, T. (2014) Data Review and Analysis for Pharmaceutical Microbiology, Microbiology Solutions, UK. ISBN 9781492235217

Sandle, T. and Vijayakumar, R. (2014) Cleanroom Microbiology, DHI/PDA: Bethesda, MD, USA, ISBN: 1933722843

Hanlon. G. and Sandle, T. (Eds.) (2015) Industrial Pharmaceutical Microbiology: Standards and Controls, Euromed Communications: Passfield, UK

Sandle, T. (2016) Pharmaceutical Microbiology: Essentials for Quality Assurance and Quality Control, Woodhead Publishing, Cambridge, UK

Sandle, T. (2016). The CDC Handbook: A Guide to Cleaning and Disinfecting Cleanrooms, 2nd Edition, Grosvenor House Publishing: Surrey, UK

Sandle, T. (2016) Introducing Cleanrooms, Microbiology Solutions: USA, ISBN: 978-1533-16078

Sandle, T. (2016) Risk Assessment and Management for Healthcare Manufacturing: Practical Tips and Case Studies, PDA / DHI, Bethesda, MD, USA.
Sandle, T. (2017) Sterilization: Establishing the Process, PDA/DHI, River Grove, Il, USA.

Sandle, T. (2017) Sterilization: Practical Approaches, PDA/DHI, River Grove, Il, USA

Chesca, A., Cengiz, M. and Sandle, T. (Eds.) Theory and Practice of Disease Diagnosis, LAP LAMBERT Academic Publishing, Germany, ISBN-13: 978-3330084384

Sandle, T. and Tidswell, E. C. (Eds.) (2017) Aseptic and Sterile Processing: Control, Compliance and Future Trends, DHI/PDA, Bethesda, MD, USA, ISBN: 9781942911128

Booklets and monographs

Sandle, T. and Boschi, F. (2006): ‘Environmental Monitoring Handbook’, Advanstar, Duluth, USA (HBEM06). Published in July 2006 (http://www.industrymatter.com/environmentalmonitoringhandbook.aspx)

Sandle, T. (editor) (2010): ‘Current Perspectives on Environmental Monitoring: Pharmig Review Number 1’, Published by Pharmaceutical Microbiology Interest Group, UK. ISBN 978-0-9560804-1-7

Sandle, T., Saghee, M.R. and Ramstrop, M. (2010): Environmental Monitoring and Cleanrooms, IDMA-APA Guideline, Technical Monograph No.5, Indian Drug Manufacturers Association, Mumbai

Sandle, T. (2011). Polls Apart? Flexible working in the European Pharmaceutical Sector, Microbiology Solutions: UK (Kindle only eBook ASIN: B0090RIK6K)

Roberts, J. and Sandle, T. (2011). A Guide to Microbiology Laboratories in the Pharmaceutical Industry. Pharmaceutical Microbiology Interest Group, Pharmig: Stanstead Abbotts, UK

Upton, A. and Sandle, T. (2012). Best Practices for the Bacterial Endotoxin Test: A Guide to the LAL Assay, Pharmaceutical Microbiology Interest Group: Stanstead Abbotts, UK

Sandle, T. (2016) Guide to cleanroom operation and contamination control, Pharmaceutical Microbiology Interest Group: Stanstead Abbotts, UK (ISBN: 978-0-9560804-6-2)

Blount, R., Gaurdi, L., Morwood, K. and Sandle, T. (2017) Pharmig Guide to Disifectants and their us in the pharmaceutical industry, Pharmig, Stanstead Abbotts, UK

Sandle, T. (2017) Pharmig Guide to Cleanroom Operation and Contamination Control, Pharmig, Stanstead Abbotts, UK

Contributor to:
IVT (2017) Utility Qualification Vol. II, Institute of Validation Technology, USA:

  • Biodecontamination of Cleanrooms and Laboratories Using Gassing Systems - Tim Sandle
  • Validation and Assessment of Computerized System Software in a Pharmaceutical Facility - Tim Sandle
  • Risk Consideration for Aging Pharmaceutical Facilities - Tim Sandle
  • Microbiological Assessment of Compressed Gases in Pharmaceutical Facilities - Tim Sandle
  • Sanitization of Pharmaceutical Facilities - Tim Sandle
  • The Rouging Effect in Pharmaceutical Water Systems: Causes and Strategies for Prevention - Tim Sandle
  • Control of WFI and Clean Steam Systems for Bacterial Endotoxins - Tim Sandle
  • Ensuring Sterility: Autoclaves, Wet Loads, and Sterility Failures - Tim Sandle

Book chapters

Sandle, T. ‘Selection and use of cleaning and disinfection agents in pharmaceutical manufacturing’ in Hodges, N and Hanlon, G. (2003): Industrial Pharmaceutical Microbiology Standards and Controls, Euromed Communications, England (chapter revised on several occasions)

Sandle, T. ‘Best practices for microbiological documentation’ in Hodges, N and Hanlon, G. (2009): Industrial Pharmaceutical Microbiology Standards and Controls, Euromed Communications, England, Supplement 9, S9.1 – S9.24

Sandle, T. (2010): Best practices in microbiology laboratory training in Hodges, N. and Hanlon, G. Industrial Pharmaceutical Microbiology: Standards and Controls, Supplement 11, ppS11.1 to S11.16

Sandle, T. (2010):  'The Media Kitchen: Preparation and Testing of Microbiological Culture Media'  in Sutton, S. (ed.): Laboratory Design: Establishing the Facility and Management Structure, Parenteral Drug Association, Bethesda, MD, United States, ISBN 1-933722-46-0, pp269-293

Sandle, T. and Saghee, M. R. (2011): ‘The Essentials of Pharmaceutical Microbiology’, in Saghee, M.R., Sandle, T. and Tidswell, E.C. (Eds.) (2011): Microbiology and Sterility Assurance in Pharmaceuticals and Medical Devices, New Delhi: Business Horizons, pp1-30

Sandle, T. (2011): ‘Selection of Microbiological Culture Media and Testing Regimes’ in Saghee, M.R., Sandle, T. and Tidswell, E.C. (Eds.) (2011): Microbiology and Sterility Assurance in Pharmaceuticals and Medical Devices, New Delhi: Business Horizons, pp101-120

Sandle, T. (2011): ‘Practical Approaches to Sterility Testing’ in Saghee, M.R., Sandle, T. and Tidswell, E.C. (Eds.) (2011): Microbiology and Sterility Assurance in Pharmaceuticals and Medical Devices, New Delhi: Business Horizons, pp173-192

Vina, P., Rubio, S. and Sandle, T. (2011): ‘Selection and Validation of Disinfectants’, in Saghee, M.R., Sandle, T. and Tidswell, E.C. (Eds.) (2011): Microbiology and Sterility Assurance in Pharmaceuticals and Medical Devices, New Delhi: Business Horizons, pp219-236

Sandle, T. (2011): ‘Environmental Monitoring’ in Saghee, M.R., Sandle, T. and Tidswell, E.C. (Eds.) (2011): Microbiology and Sterility Assurance in Pharmaceuticals and Medical Devices, New Delhi: Business Horizons, pp293-326

Ashtekar, D. and Sandle, T. (2011): ‘Microbial Content Testing of Pharmaceutical and Biotechnologically Derived Products’ in Saghee, M.R., Sandle, T. and Tidswell, E.C. (Eds.) (2011): Microbiology and Sterility Assurance in Pharmaceuticals and Medical Devices, New Delhi: Business Horizons, pp327-362

Sandle, T. (2011): ‘Risk Management in Pharmaceutical Microbiology’ in Saghee, M.R., Sandle, T. and Tidswell, E.C. (Eds.) (2011): Microbiology and Sterility Assurance in Pharmaceuticals and Medical Devices, New Delhi: Business Horizons, pp553-588

Sandle, T. (2011). ‘Assessment of Culture Media in Pharmaceutical Microbiology' in Hodges, N and Hanlon, G. (2011 rev.): Industrial Pharmaceutical Microbiology Standards and Controls, Euromed Communications, England, Supplement 10

Sandle, T. and Lamba, S. S. "Effectively Incorporating Quality Risk Management into Quality Systems". In Saghee, M.R. (2012) Achieving Quality and Compliance Excellence in Pharmaceuticals:  A Master Class GMP Guide, New Delhi: Business Horizons, pp89-128

Sandle, T. (2012). "Qualification and Validation". In Saghee, M.R. (2012) Achieving Quality and Compliance Excellence in Pharmaceuticals:  A Master Class GMP Guide, New Delhi: Business Horizons, pp169-206

Sandle, T. and Saghee, M.R. (2012). "Compliance Aspects of Sterile Manufacturing". In Saghee, M.R. (2012) Achieving Quality and Compliance Excellence in Pharmaceuticals:  A Master Class GMP Guide, New Delhi: Business Horizons, pp517-560

Sandle, T. (2012). ‘Environmental Monitoring: a practical approach’ In Moldenhauer, J. Environmental Monitoring: a comprehensive handbook, Volume 6, PDA/DHI: River Grove, USA, pp29-54

Sandle, T. (2012). ‘Introduction’. In Sandle, T. (2012). The CDC Handbook: A Guide to Cleaning and Disinfecting Cleanrooms, Grosvenor House Publishing: Surrey, UK, ppxv-xxi

Sandle, T. (2012). ‘Cleaning and Disinfection’. In Sandle, T. (2012). The CDC Handbook: A Guide to Cleaning and Disinfecting Cleanrooms, Grosvenor House Publishing: Surrey, UK, pp1-31

Sandle, T. (2012). ‘Application of Disinfectants and Detergents in the Pharmaceutical Sector’. In Sandle, T. (2012). The CDC Handbook: A Guide to Cleaning and Disinfecting Cleanrooms, Grosvenor House Publishing: Surrey, UK, pp168-197

Sandle, T. (2012). ‘Validation of Disinfectants’. In Sandle, T. (2012). The CDC Handbook: A Guide to Cleaning and Disinfecting Cleanrooms, Grosvenor House Publishing: Surrey, UK, pp241-261

Sandle, T. (2013) Risk Management in Sterile Environments. In Thomas, P. (Ed.) Aseptic Manufacturing - a road map to excellence, Pharmaceutical Manufacturing, USA, pp3-9 (http://www.pharmamanufacturing.com/assets/wp_downloads/pdf/dpt.pdf)
Sandle, T. and Saghee, M.R. (2013). ‘Introduction’. In: Sandle, T. and Saghee, M.R. Cleanroom Management in Pharmaceuticals and Healthcare, Euromed Communications: Passfield, UK

(revised for second edition: pp1-6)
Sandle, T. (2013). ‘History and development of cleanrooms’. In: Sandle, T. and Saghee, M.R. Cleanroom Management in Pharmaceuticals and Healthcare, Euromed Communications: Passfield, UK

(revised for second edition: pp7-24)

Sandle, T. and Saghee, M.R. (2013). ‘Cleanroom certification and ongoing compliance’. In: Sandle, T. and Saghee, M.R. Cleanroom Management in Pharmaceuticals and Healthcare, Euromed Communications: Passfield, UK

(revised for second edition: pp155-170)

Midcalf, B, Neiger, J. and Sandle, T. (2013). ‘Fundamentals of pharmaceutical isolators’. In: Sandle, T. and Saghee, M.R. Cleanroom Management in Pharmaceuticals and Healthcare, Euromed Communications: Passfield, UK

(revised for second edition: pp171-212)

Sandle, T., Budini, M. and Rajesh, T. (2013). ‘Airflow studies and airflow mapping’. In: Sandle, T. and Saghee, M.R. Cleanroom Management in Pharmaceuticals and Healthcare, Euromed Communications: Passfield, UK

(revised for second edition: pp361-376)
Sandle, T. and Saghee, M.R. (2013). ‘Environmental monitoring in cleanrooms’. In: Sandle, T. and Saghee, M.R. Cleanroom Management in Pharmaceuticals and Healthcare, Euromed Communications: Passfield, UK

(revised for second edition: pp401-432)
Sandle, T. and Saghee, M.R. (2013). ‘Cleaning and disinfection practices’. In: Sandle, T. and Saghee, M.R. Cleanroom Management in Pharmaceuticals and Healthcare, Euromed Communications: Passfield, UK

(revised for second edition: pp433-464)
Sandle, T. and Saghee, M.R. (2013). ‘Auditing cleanroom operations’. In: Sandle, T. and Saghee, M.R. Cleanroom Management in Pharmaceuticals and Healthcare, Euromed Communications: Passfield, UK

(revised for second edition: pp553-568)
Sandle, T. and Saghee, M.R. (2013). ‘Developments in cleanroom technology’. In: Sandle, T. and Saghee, M.R. Cleanroom Management in Pharmaceuticals and Healthcare, Euromed Communications: Passfield, UK

(revised for second edition: pp569-581)
Sandle, T. (2013). 'Dimorph and Filamentous Fungi'. In Mascellino, M. T. (Ed.) Bacterial and Mycotic Infections in Immunocompromised Hosts: Clinical and Microbiological Aspects, OMICS Group Inc.: Henderson, NV, USA. In print: http://esciencecentral.org/ebooks/bacterial-mycotic-infections/pdf/dimorph-filamentous-fungi.pdf

Sandle, T. (2013). Contamination Control Risk Assessment in Masden, R.E. and Moldenhauer, J. (Eds.) Contamination Control in Healthcare Product Manufacturing, Volume 1, DHI Publishing, River Grove: USA, pp423-474

Sandle, T. (2013). Contamination Control: Cleanrooms and Clean Air
Devices, Encyclopedia of Pharmaceutical Science and Technology, Fourth Edition, Taylor and Francis: London, pp634 - 643 (http://dx.doi.org/10.1081/E-EPT4-120050223)

Sandle, T. (2013). Microbial Control of Pharmaceuticals, Encyclopedia of Pharmaceutical Science and Technology, Fourth Edition, Taylor and Francis: London, pp2122-2132 (http://dx.doi.org/10.1081/E-EPT4-120050301)

Sandle, T. and Saghee, M.R. (2013). Basic Concepts of GMP Requirements. In Saghee, M.R. (Ed.) Pharmaceutical Regulatory Inspections, Euromed Communications: Passfield, UK, pp1-76

Barr, D. and Sandle, T. (2013). System Based Approach to Inspections. In Saghee, M.R. (Ed.) Pharmaceutical Regulatory Inspections, Euromed Communications: Passfield, UK, pp119-182

Brutsche, A. and Sandle, T. (2013). Preparing and Management of International Inspections. In Saghee, M.R. (Ed.) Pharmaceutical Regulatory Inspections, Euromed Communications: Passfield, UK, pp285-328

Sandle, T., Saghee, M.R. and Barr, D. (2013). Handling and Responding to Post Inspection Observations. In Saghee, M.R. (Ed.) Pharmaceutical Regulatory Inspections, Euromed Communications: Passfield, UK, pp329-360

Sandle, T. (2013). Preparing for Regulatory Inspections of Sterile Facilities: the Focal Points. In Saghee, M.R. (Ed.) Pharmaceutical Regulatory Inspections, Euromed Communications: Passfield, UK, pp361-462

Sandle, T. (2014). ‘Microbial Identification: Laboratory Techniques and Methods. In Chesca, A. (Ed.) Methods for Diseases: Diagnostic with Applicability in Practice, Lambert Academic Publishing, Germany, pp15-26

Sandle, T. and Saghee, M.R. (2014) Basic concepts of global GMP requirements. In Saghee, M.R. (Ed.) Pharmaceutical Regulatory Inspections, Euromed Publications, Passfield, UK, pp1-76

Barr, D. and Sandle, T. (2014) System based approach to GMP inspections. In Saghee, M.R. (Ed.) Pharmaceutical Regulatory Inspections, Euromed Publications, Passfield, UK, pp119-182

Brutsche, A. and Sandle, T. (2014) Handling and responding to post inspectional observations. In Saghee, M.R. (Ed.) Pharmaceutical Regulatory Inspections, Euromed Publications, Passfield, UK, pp285-328

Sandle, T., Saghee, M.R. and Barr, D. (2014) Handling and responding to post inspectional observations. In Saghee, M.R. (Ed.) Pharmaceutical Regulatory Inspections, Euromed Publications, Passfield, UK, pp329-360

Sandle, T. (2014) Preparing for regulatory inspections of sterile facilities: the focal points. In Saghee, M.R. (Ed.) Pharmaceutical Regulatory Inspections, Euromed Publications, Passfield, UK, pp361-462

Sandle, T., 2014. Biochemical and Modern Identification Techniques: Enterobacteriaceae, Coliforms, and Escherichia Coli. In: Batt, C.A., Tortorello, M.L. (Eds.), Encyclopedia of Food Microbiology, 2nd edition, vol 1. Elsevier Ltd, Academic Press, pp. 232–237

Sandle, T., 2014. Biochemical and Modern Identification Techniques: Food-Poisoning Microorganisms. In: Batt, C.A., Tortorello, M.L. (Eds.), Encyclopedia of Food Microbiology, 2nd edition, vol 1. Elsevier Ltd, Academic Press, pp. 238–243

Sandle, T., 2014. Laboratory Design. In: Batt, C.A., Tortorello, M.L. (Eds.), Encyclopedia of Food Microbiology, vol 2. Elsevier Ltd, Academic Press, pp. 393–401

Sandle, T., 2014. Fungi: Classification of the Peronosporomycetes. In: Batt, C.A., Tortorello, M.L. (Eds.), Encyclopedia of Food Microbiology, vol 2. Elsevier Ltd, Academic Press, pp. 44–53

Sandle, T., 2014. Trichoderma. In: Batt, C.A., Tortorello, M.L. (Eds.), Encyclopedia of Food Microbiology, vol 3. Elsevier Ltd, Academic Press, pp. 644–646

Sandle, T. (2014) Bacterial Diseases and their Diagnosis. In Chesca, A. (Ed.) Techniques and Procedures for Disease Diagnostic, Lambert Academic Publishing, Saarbruken, Germany, pp31-60

Sandle, T. (2014) Best Practices in Microbiology Laboratory Training. In Handlon, G. and Sandle, T. (Eds.) Industrial Pharmaceutical Microbiology: Standards & Controls, Euromed Communications, Passfield, UK, 2.1-2.24

Sandle, T. (2014) The Use of Culture Media in Pharmaceutical Microbiology. In Handlon, G. and Sandle, T. (Eds.) Industrial Pharmaceutical Microbiology: Standards & Controls, Euromed Communications, Passfield, UK, 3.1–3.26

Sandle, T. (2014) Selection and use of Cleaning and Disinfection Agents in Pharmaceutical Manufacturing. In Handlon, G. and Sandle, T. (Eds.) Industrial Pharmaceutical Microbiology: Standards & Controls, Euromed Communications, Passfield, UK, 9.1–9.32

Sandle, T. (2014) Microbiology of Pharmaceutical Grade Water. In Handlon, G. and Sandle, T. (Eds.) Industrial Pharmaceutical Microbiology: Standards & Controls, Euromed Communications, Passfield, UK, 10.1–10.19

Sandle, T. (2014) Biological Indicators, In Handlon, G. and Sandle, T. (Eds.) Industrial Pharmaceutical Microbiology: Standards & Controls, Euromed Communications, Passfield, UK, 16.1–16.26

Sandle, T. (2014) Containment System Integrity: Microbial Challenges for Sterile Products. In Handlon, G. and Sandle, T. (Eds.) Industrial Pharmaceutical Microbiology: Standards & Controls, Euromed Communications, Passfield, UK, 18.1–18.13

Sandle, T. (2014) The Regulatory Control and Quality Assurance of Immunological Products. In Handlon, G. and Sandle, T. (Eds.) Industrial Pharmaceutical Microbiology: Standards & Controls, Euromed Communications, Passfield, UK, 22.1–22.14

Sandle, T. (2015) Cleanroom Design. In Moldenhauer, J. (Ed.) Environmental Monitoring: a Comprehensive Handbook, Volume 7, pp3-28

Sandle, T. (2015) Bacterial Endotoxin Testing using the Limulus Amebocyte Lysate Assay. In Kőszegi, T. and Chesca, A. (Eds.) Laboratory Techniques with Applicability in Medical Practice, Lambert Academic Publishing, pp19-32

Sandle, T. (2015) Investigating Sterility Test Failures. In McCullough, K.Z. and Moldenhauer, J. (Eds.) Microbial Risks and Investigations, DHI/PDA, River Grove, USA, pp261-290

Sandle, T. (2015) Contamination Control Risk Assessment. In McCullough, K.Z. and Moldenhauer, J. (Eds.) Microbial Risks and Investigations, DHI/PDA, River Grove, USA, pp783-836

Contributor to Masden, R. E. and Jornitz, M. W. (2015) Lessons of Failure: When things go wrong in pharmaceutical manufacturing, PDA/ DHI Books, Bethesda, MD, USA

Sandle, T. (2016) Antibiotic / Antimicrobial Resistance. In Boslaugh, S. (Ed.) The Sage Encyclopedia of Pharmacology and Society, Volume 1, Sage Publications: Los Angeles, pp136-139

Sandle, T. (2016) Antimalarials. In Boslaugh, S. (Ed.) The Sage Encyclopedia of Pharmacology and Society, Volume 1, Sage Publications: Los Angeles, pp190-192

Sandle, T. (2016) Drug-Resistant Diseases. In Boslaugh, S. (Ed.) The Sage Encyclopedia of Pharmacology and Society, Volume 2, Sage Publications: Los Angeles, pp546-550

Sandle, T. (2016) European Medicines Agency. In Boslaugh, S. (Ed.) The Sage Encyclopedia of Pharmacology and Society, Volume 2, Sage Publications: Los Angeles, pp593-596

Sandle, T. (2016) Lyme Disease. In Boslaugh, S. (Ed.) The Sage Encyclopedia of Pharmacology and Society, Volume 2, Sage Publications: Los Angeles, pp842-844

Sandle, T. (2016) Medicines and Healthcare Products Regulatory Agency (UK). In Boslaugh, S. (Ed.) The Sage Encyclopedia of Pharmacology and Society, Volume 2, Sage Publications: Los Angeles, pp899-902

Sandle, T. (2016) National Institute For Biological Standards and Control. In Boslaugh, S. (Ed.) The Sage Encyclopedia of Pharmacology and Society, Volume 3, Sage Publications: Los Angeles, pp948-950

Sandle, T. (2016) Smallpox Eradication. In Boslaugh, S. (Ed.) The Sage Encyclopedia of Pharmacology and Society, Volume 3, Sage Publications: Los Angeles, pp1298-1301

Sandle, T. (2016) U.S. Pharmacopeial Convention. In Boslaugh, S. (Ed.) The Sage Encyclopedia of Pharmacology and Society, Volume 4, Sage Publications: Los Angeles, pp1503-1505

Sandle, T, (2016) Tests for Antimicrobial Effectiveness, Chesca, A. and Cengiz, M. (Eds.) Theory and Practice for Medical Diagnosis, Lambert Academic Publishing, Germany, pp7-19

Sandle, T. (2016) ISO 14644 Parts 1 and 2 - The revised cleanroom standard and contamination control. In Madsen, R. E. and Moldenhaurer, J. (Eds.) Contamination Control in Healthcare Product Manufacturing, Volume 4, DHI, River Grove, USA, pp3-32

Sandle, T. (2016) Risk of microbial spores, prevention measures and disinfection strategies. In Madsen, R. E. and Moldenhaurer, J. (Eds.) Contamination Control in Healthcare Product Manufacturing, Volume 4, DHI, River Grove, USA, pp59-95

Sandle, T. (2016) Disinfectants in the Pharmaceutical Industry. In Cardoso, A. S., Almeida, C. M. M., Cordeiro, T. C. and  Gaffney, V.J.  (Eds.) Disinfectants: Properties, Applications and Effectiveness, Nova Science Publishers, New York, pp109-142

Sandle, T. (2017) Clean room design principles: Focus on particulates and microbials. In Esteves, S. C., Varghese, A. C., and Worrilow, K. C. (Eds.) Clean Room Technology in ART Clinics: A Practical Guide, CRC Press, Boca Raton, U.S., pp75-91

Hallworth, M., Sahee, M.R. and Sandle, T. (2017) Cleanroom standards and GMP requirements. In Sandle, T. and Saghee, M. R. (Eds.) Cleanroom management in pharmaceuticals and healthcare, 2nd edition, Euromed Communications, Passfield, UK, Cleanroom standards and GMP requirements, pp25-44

Sandle, T. (2017) Bow Street Runners. In Robertiello, G. (Ed.) In The Use and Abuse of Police Power in America: Historical Milestones and Current Controversies, ABC-CLIO Books, U.S., pp13-15

Sandle, T. (2017) Southern Slave Patrols. In Robertiello, G. (Ed.) In The Use and Abuse of Police Power in America: Historical Milestones and Current Controversies, ABC-CLIO Books, U.S., pp15-17

Sandle, T. (2017) Environmental Control and Environmental Monitoring in Support of Aseptic Processing. In Sandle, T. and Tidswell, E. C. (Eds.) Aseptic and Sterile Processing: Control, Compliance and Future Trends, DHI/PDA, Bethesda, MD, USA, ISBN: 9781942911128, pp447-540

Sandle, T. (2017) The Sterility Test: Current Practice and Future Applications. In Sandle, T. and Tidswell, E. C. (Eds.) Aseptic and Sterile Processing: Control, Compliance and Future Trends, DHI/PDA, Bethesda, MD, USA, ISBN: 9781942911128, 645-702

Papers in peer reviewed journals

Sandle, T. The use of a risk assessment in the pharmaceutical industry – the application of FMEA to a sterility testing isolator: a case study, European Journal of Parenteral and Pharmaceutical Sciences, 2003; 8(2): 43-49

Sandle, T. Practical Approaches to Sterility Testing, Journal of Validation Technology, Vol. 10, No.2, 2004, pp131 – 141

Sandle, T. ‘Gram’s Stain: History and Explanation of the Fundamental Technique of Determinative Bacteriology’, IST Science and Technology Journal, April 2004 (No. 54), pp3-4

Sandle, T. An Approach for the Reporting of Microbiological Results from Water Systems, PDA Journal of Pharmaceutical Science and Technology, Vol. 58, No.4, July-August 2004, pp231 – 237 (Pub Med http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22293526)

Sandle, T. and Skinner, K. Examination of the optimal cultural conditions for the microbiological analysis of a cold demineralised water system in a pharmaceutical manufacturing facility, European Journal of Parenteral and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Vol. 10, No.1, 2005, pp9-14

Sandle, T. Understanding Clean Air Devices, Science Technology Journal, April 2005, pp3 – 5

Sandle, T. Environmental Monitoring Risk Assessment, Journal of GXP Compliance, Volume 10, Number 2, 2006, pp54-73 (Link: http://www.gxpandjvt.com/ivtnews/templates/templateblank.aspx?articleid=1444&zoneid=18)

Sandle, T. The use of polymeric flooring to reduce contamination in a cleanroom changing area, European Journal of Parenteral and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Vol. 11, No.3, 2006, pp75-80 [1]

Sandle, T. Selection of Laboratory Disinfectants: Part One’, Science Technology Journal, Institute of Science Technology, Summer 2006, pp16-18

Sandle, T. Selection of Laboratory Disinfectants: Part Two, Science Technology Journal, Institute of Science Technology, Spring 2007, pp5-7

Tours, N. and Sandle, T. Comparison of dry-heat depyrogenation using three different types of Gram-negative bacterial endotoxin, European Journal of Parenteral and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Volume 13, No.1, 2008, pp17-20

Sandle, T. A method to determine the effect of dehydration on agar plates and microbial recovery, The Institute of Science and Technology Journal, Spring 2008, pp24-27

Sandle, T. The assessment of air -cleanliness in cleanrooms and cleanzones using optical particle counters, The Journal, Institute of Science and Technology, Winter 2009, pp4-7

Sandle, T. ‘Selection of Active Air-Samplers’, The Journal, Institute of Science and Technology, Summer 2010, pp25-31

Note: A version of the paper was included on the BioSciences Quality Testing Forum (BioQT) website: http://www.bioqtforum.com/Selection-of-active-air-samplers (accessed 15th September 2010)

Sandle, T. 'Selection of active air samplers', European Journal of Parenteral and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Vol. 15, No.4, 2010, pp119-124

Note: The EJPPS paper is different to the paper on air-samplers published in The Journal (both 2010).

Sandle, T. (2011): 'Selection of active air samplers', Clean Air and Containment Review, Issue 5, pp8-10

[Note: The paper is an alternate version of the one published in the EJPPS, 2010]

Sandle, T. (2011): 'History and development of microbiological culture media', The Journal (Institute of Science and Technology), Winter 2010-2011, pp10-14

Sandle, T. (2011): 'Microbial recovery on settle plates in unidirectional airflow cabinets', Clean Air and Containment Review, Issue 6, pp8-10

Sandle, T. (2011). A study of a new type of swab for the environmental monitoring of isolators and cleanrooms (the Heipha ICR-Swab), European Journal of Pharenteral and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Vol. 16, No.2, pp42-48 
Sandle, T. (2011): ‘A Review of Cleanroom Microflora: Types, Trends, and Patterns’, PDA Journal of Pharmaceutical Science and Technology, Vol. 65, No. 4, July–August 2011, pp392-403 (Pub Med: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22293526)
Sandle, T. and Saghee, M. R. (2011): Some considerations for the implementation of disposable technology and single-use systems in biopharmaceuticals, Journal of Commercial Biotechnology, Vol. 17, No. 4: 319–329 doi: 10.1057/jcb.2011.21 (view here: http://www.palgrave-journals.com/jcb/journal/vaop/ncurrent/abs/jcb201121a.html)
Sandle, T. (2011): "A Practical Approach to Depyrogenation Studies using Bacterial Endotoxin", Journal of GXP Compliance, Autumn 2011, electronic version: http://www.ivtnetwork.com/gxp-journal/journal-of-gxp-compliance-2687

Sandle, T. (2011): ‘Evaluation of two different types of contact plates for microbiological environmental monitoring’, European Journal of Parenteral and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Vol. 16, No.4, pp116-120

Sandle, T. (2012). "Real-time counting of airborne particles and microorganisms: a new technological wave?", Clean Air and Containment Review, Issue 9, pp4-6

Sandle, T. (2012): Sterility Test Failure Investigations, Journal of GxP Compliance, Vol. 16, No.1, electronic version: http://www.ivtnetwork.com/gxp-journal/journal-of-gxp-compliance-2011

Sandle, T. (2012). Microbiological control and monitoring of cleanrooms: Revised USP <1116> chapter, Clean Air and Containment Review, Issue 11, pp22-23

Vijayakumar, R., Sandle, T. and Manoharan, C. (2012). “A review of fungal contamination in pharmaceutical products and phenotypic identification of contaminants by conventional methods”, European Journal of Parenteral and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Vol. 17, No.1: 4-19

Sandle, T. and Saghee, M.R. (2012). Application of Sterilization by Gamma Radiation for Single-Use Disposable Technologies in the Biopharmaceutical Sector, Journal of GXP Compliance, Spring 2012, Vol. 16, Issue 2, electronic journal: http://www.ivtnetwork.com/gxp-journal/journal-of-gxp-compliance-2010

Sandle, T. (2012). “A new wave of sporicidal disinfectants”, Clean Air and Containment Review, Issue 10, pp10-13

Sandle, T. (2012). “Isolators in international GMP guidelines”, Clean Air and Containment Review, Issue 10, pp21-23

Vijayakumar, R., Kannan, V.V., Sandle, T., and Manoharan, C. (2012). In vitro Antifungal Efficacy of Biguanides and Quaternary Ammonium Compounds against Cleanroom Fungal Isolates, PDA Journal of Pharmaceutical Science and Technology, May/June 2012, Vol. 66, No. 3: 236-242

Sandle, T. (2012). Examination of air and surface particulate levels from cleanroom mats and polymeric flooring, European Journal of Parenteral and Pharmaceutical Sciences 2012; 17(3): 110-11

Sandle, T. (2012). Speedier automated microbial methods for environmental monitoring of cleanrooms, Clean Air and Containment Review, Issue 12.

Sandle, T. (2012). Application of Quality Risk Management To Set Viable Environmental Monitoring Frequencies in Biotechnology Processing and Support Areas, PDA Journal of Pharmaceutical Science and Technology, Vol. 66, No. 6, November–December 2012: 560 - 579

Sandle, T. (2012). Container Closures for Pharmaceutical Preparations: A review of Design and Test Considerations, BioPharm International, Vol. 25, No. 12, pp32-36

Sandle, T., Leavy, C. and Needham, G. (2012). A Risk Matrix Approach for Media Simulation Trials, Journal of Validation Technology, Vol. 18, No.4, pp70-78

Sandle, T. and Tours, N. (2013).  Validation and Operation of a Sterility Testing Isolator: a Study Proposal, Journal of validation Technology, Vol. 19, No.1, on-line edition available at: http://www.ivtnetwork.com/article/peer-reviewed-validation-and-operation-sterility-testing-isolator-study-proposal

Sandle, T. and Skinner, K. (2013). Study of psychrophilic and psychrotolerant microorganisms isolated in cold rooms used for pharmaceutical processing, Journal of Applied Microbiology, 114 (4), 1166—1174

Sandle, T. (2013). In situ study of particles generated from the use of pharmaceutical grade cleanroom wipes, European Journal of Parenteral and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Vol. 18, No.1, pp5-11

Sandle, T. (2013). Revision of ISO 14698 - Biocontamination control: Personal reflections on what might be desirable, Clean Air and Containment Review, Issue 14, pp20-21

Republished in Pharmig News: Sandle, T. (2013). ISO 14968 – biocontamination control standard revision, Pharmig News Number 51, pp6-8
Sandle, T. (2013). Bacterial Adhesion: an Introduction, Journal of Validation Technology,  Volume 19, Issue 2, June 2013, on-line: http://www.ivtnetwork.com/article/bacterial-adhesion-introduction

Tim Sandle, Kerry Skinner, Jennifer Sandle, Barbara Gebala, Pavitra Kothandaraman (2013): Evaluation of the GEN III OmniLog® ID System microbial identification system for the profiling of cleanroom bacteria, European Journal of Parenteral & Pharmaceutical Sciences 18(2): 44-50

Sandle, T., Skinner, K. and Yeandle, E. (2013). Optimal conditions for the recovery of bioburden from pharmaceutical processes: a case study, European Journal of Parenteral and Pharmaceutical Sciences, 18 (3): 84-91

Gebala, B. and Sandle, T. (2013). Comparison of different fungal agar for the environmental monitoring of pharmaceutical-grade cleanrooms, PDA J Pharm Sci Technol.;67(6):621-33

Sandle, T. (2013). Pharaohs and Mummies: Diseases of Ancient Egypt and Modern Approaches, Journal of Ancient Diseases & Preventive Remedies, 1 (4): e110. doi: 10.4172/2329-8731.1000e110

Sandle, T. (2013). Global Strategies for Elimination of Leprosy: A Review of Current Progress, Journal of Ancient Diseases & Preventive Remedies, 1 (4): e112. doi: 10.4172/2329-8731.1000e112

Sandle T (2014) Novel Methods to Address Antimicrobial Resistance. SOJ Microbiol Infect Dis 2(1): 2-3 (see here: http://symbiosisonlinepublishing.com/microbiology-infectiousdiseases/microbiology-infectiousdiseases11.pdf)

Sandle, T. (2014) Variations in the Resistance of Biological Indicators Used to Assess Sterilization, Journal of Validation Compliance, Vol. 20, Issue 1, Mar 2014 (at: http://www.ivtnetwork.com/printpdf/article/variations-resistance-biological-indicators-used-assess-sterilization)

Sandle, T. (2014) Examination of the Order of Incubation for the Recovery of Bacteria and Fungi from Pharmaceutical Cleanrooms, International Journal of Pharmaceutical Compounding, 18 (3): 242 – 247

Sandle, T., Banenko, D., Lavrinenko, A., Azizov, I. and Chesca, A. (2014) The current state of PCR approach in detection and identification of carbapanem hydrolysis β-lactamases genes, European Journal of Parenteral and Pharmaceutical Sciences, 19 (1): 153-164

Sandle, T., Leavy, C., Jindal, H. and Rhodes, R. (2014) Application of rapid microbiological methods for the risk assessment of controlled biopharmaceutical environments, Journal of Applied Microbiology, 116 (6): 1495-1505
Chesca, A., Sandle, T. and Gyurka, G.A. (2014) Study on the incidence of certain neoplastic diseases, Acta Medica Transilvanica, 2 (2): 168 – 172
Sandle, T. (2014) Approaching the Selection of Rapid Microbiological Methods, Journal of Validation Technology, Vol. 20, Issue 2, Jun 2014. Published on-line: http://www.ivtnetwork.com/article/approaching-selection-rapid-microbiological-methods
Sandle, T. (2014) The Lean Laboratory and Its Application for the Review of Environmental Monitoring Samples, Journal of Validation Technology, Vol. 20, Issue 2, Jun 2014. Published on-line http://www.ivtnetwork.com/article/lean-laboratory-and-its-application-review-environmental-monitoring-samples

Sandle, T. (2014) The Test for Sterility of Medicinal Products, International Journal of Microbiology and Allied Sciences, 1 (1): 1-9 (at: http://www.ijomas.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/08/Editorial1-Issue1.pdf)

Sandle, T.  (2014) Sterile Ophthalmic Preparations and Contamination Control, Journal of GXP Compliance, 18 (3): 1-5

Sandle, T.  (2014) Sanitation of Pharmaceutical Facilities, Journal of GXP Compliance, 18 (3): 6-10

Chesca, A. and Sandle, T. (2014) Functional Lung Disease, Acta Medica Transilvanica, 2 (3): 42-44

Sandle, T. (2014) The Possible Origins of Tuberculosis in South America, Journal of Ancient Diseases & Preventive Remedies, 2 (2): 1-2

Sandle, T. (2014) Santitization of Pharmaceutical Facilities, Journal of GXP Compliance, 18 (3):  pp1-5

Chesca, A. and Sandle, T. (2014) Data on the examination of functions in pulmonary disease, Acta Medica Transilvanica, 2 (3): 208 – 210

Sandle, T. (2014) Good Documentation Practice, Journal of Validation Technology, Vol. 20, Issue 3, pp1-11

Sandle, T., Vijayakumar, R., Saleh Al Aboody, M. and Saravanakumar, S. (2014) In vitro fungicidal activity of biocides against pharmaceutical environmental fungal isolates, Journal of Applied Microbiology, 117 (5): 1267 – 1273

Sandle, T. (2014) Assessment of the suitability of R3A agar for the subculture of microorganisms isolated from pharmaceutical water systems, European Journal of Parenteral and Pharmaceutical Sciences, 19 (3): 85-94

Sandle, T. (2014) Emergence of New Antibiotics, J J Microbiol Pathol., 1(1): 001
Sandle, T. (2014) Applying spectrophotometric monitoring to risk assessments in biopharmaceutical cleanrooms, Clean Air and Containment Review, Issue 20, pp22-25

Sandle, T. (2014) The Antibiotic Crisis and the Need for New Forms of Antibiotics, EC Microbiology, 1 (1): 1-3

Sandle, T., Azizov, I., Babenko, D., Lavrinenko, A., Chesca, A. (2014) Comparative Evaluation of Traditional Susceptibility Testing for MRSA with the PCR Approach, Advances in Microbiology, 4, 1204-1211 http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/aim.2014.416130

Sandle, T. (2014) People in Cleanrooms: Understanding and Monitoring the Personnel Factor, Journal of GXP Compliance, 18 (4): 1-5

Sandle, T. (2015) Dracunculiasis and the Long Decline of an Ancient Disease, Journal of Ancient Diseases & Preventive Remedies, 2 (3): 1-2

Sandle, T., Vijayakumar, R. , Saleh A Aboody, M. and Saravanakumar, S. (2015) In vitro fungicidal activity of biocides against pharmaceutical environmental fungal isolates: a response to the Letter of Rout and Humphreys (2015), Journal of Applied Microbiology, 118, 779-780

Sandle, T., Leavy, C. and Rhodes, R. (2015) Assessing airborne contamination using a novel rapid microbiological method, European Journal of Parenteral & Pharmaceutical Sciences, 19(4): 131-142

Sandle, T. (2015) Teixobactin: A New Class of Antibiotic, SOJ Microbiology & Infectious Diseases, 3 (1): 1-2 (http://symbiosisonlinepublishing.com/microbiology-infectiousdiseases/microbiology-infectiousdiseases28.pdf)

Sandle, T., Gyurka, G.A. and Chesca, A. (2015) Medical conditions regarding heart failure, ACTA Medica Transilvanica, 20(1):39-41

Sandle, T. (2015) Exhuming Skeletal Remains: How Cholera Deaths of the Past Could Shine a Blue Light of Hope, Journal of Ancient Diseases & Preventive Remedies, 3 (1): http://dx.doi.org/10.4172/2329-8731.1000e121
Sandle, T. (2015) The Rouging Effect in Pharmaceutical Water Systems: Causes and Strategies for Prevention, Journal of GXP Compliance, Vol. 19, Issue 1, Mar 2015: http://www.ivtnetwork.com/article/rouging-effect-pharmaceutical-water-systems-causes-and-strategies-prevention

Sandle, T. (2015) Assessing Non-endotoxin Microbial Pyrogens in Relation in Pharmaceutical Processing, Journal of GXP Compliance, Vol. 19, Issue 1, Mar 2015: http://www.ivtnetwork.com/article/assessing-non-endotoxin-microbial-pyrogens-relation-pharmaceutical-processing

Sandle, T. (2015): Aseptic Transfer Risk Assessment: A Case Study, Journal of Validation Technology, 21(1): 1-10 Online: http://www.ivtnetwork.com/article/aseptic-transfer-risk-assessment-case-study

Sandle, T. (2015):  Risk Considerations for Installation of a New Autoclave in a Pharmaceutical Manufacturing Facility, Journal of Validation Technology, 21(1): 1-10 Online: http://www.ivtnetwork.com/article/risk-considerations-installation-new-autoclave-pharmaceutical-manufacturing-facility

Sandle, T. “Human Microbiome of the Skin: Advances in Metagenomics”. EC Microbiology 1.3 (2015): 162-165.

Sandle, T. “From Head to Toe: Mapping Fungi across Human Skin”. EC Microbiology 2.1 (2015): 211-213

Sandle, T. (2015) Towards a Rapid Sterility Test?, Microbial & Biochemical Technology, 7 (4): 216-217 doi:10.4172/1948-5948.1000209

Sandle, T. (2015) Ensuring Sterility: Autoclaves, Wet Loads, and Sterility Failures, Journal of GXP Compliance, 19 (2): 1-10 http://www.ivtnetwork.com/article/ensuring-sterility-autoclaves-wet-loads-and-sterility-failures

Chesca, A., Gyurka, A., and Sandle, T. (2015) Data concerning the incidence of respiratory pathology in different seasonal periods, Archives of the Balkan Medical Union, 50 (2): 208-212

Sandle, T. (2015) Settle plate exposure under unidirectional airflow and the effect of weight loss upon microbial growth, European Journal of Parenteral & Pharmaceutical Sciences 2015; 20(2): XX

Sandle, T. (2015) Incidences and Treatments for Buruli Ulcer, Journal of Ancient Diseases &
Preventive Remedies, 3 (2): 1000e122 (http://dx.doi.org/10.4172/2329-8731.1000e122)

Sandle, T. (2015) Characterizing the Microbiota of a Pharmaceutical Water System-A Metadata Study, SOJ Microbiology & Infectious Diseases, 3 (2): 1-8

Chesca, A., Sandle, T., Babenko, D. and Azzov, I. (2015) Structural aspects regarding surgical pathology of children, Annals of the Romanian Society for Cell Biology, 14 (9): 65-69 doi: 10.ANN/RSCB-2015-0024:RSCB

Cheşcă, A., Luculescu, M.C., Sandle, T. (2015) Considerations of melanocytic nevi in children, Annals of the Romanian Society for Cell Biology, 19 (2): 19 - 22 doi: 10.ANN/RSCB-2015-0001:RSCB

Antonella Cheşcă, Tim Sandle, Dmitriy Babenko (2015) Ethical and Legal Aspects of Mediation and the Involvement of Mediators in Conflicts Solution, Journal Plus Education, 12 (A): 14-19

Sandle, T. (2015) Settle plate exposure under unidirectional airflow and the effect of weight loss upon microbial growth, European Journal of Parenteral & Pharmaceutical Sciences, 2015; 20 (2): 45-50

Sandle, T. (2015) FDA Signals a New Approach for Analytical Method Validation, Journal of Validation Technology, 21 (2): 1-5

Also published in IVT Network Analytical Method Validation Vol. IV, 2017
Sandle, T. (2015) Assessing Process Hold Times for Microbial Risks: Bioburden and Endotoxin, Journal of GXP Compliance, Vol. 19, Issue 3, Oct 2015, pp1-9

Sandle, T. (2015) Microbiological Assessment of Compressed Gases in Pharmaceutical Facilities, Journal of Validation Technology, Vol. 21, Issue 2, August 2015, pp1-8

Vijayakumar, R., Saleh Al-Aboody, M. and Sandle, T. (2015) A review of melanized (black) fungal contamination in pharmaceutical products—incidence, drug recall and control measures, Journal of Applied Microbiology, 120(4): 831-841
Accepted Article: doi:10.1111/jam.12888

Sandle, T. (2015) Advances in Rapid Pathogen Detection, Journal of Microbiology & Experimentation, 2 (5): 00063. DOI: 10.15406/jmen.2015.02.00063

Sandle, T. (2015) Microbiological Identification with MALDI-TOF MS, Journal of Validation Technology, 21 (3): 1-10 at: http://www.ivtnetwork.com/article/microbiological-identification-maldi-tof-ms

Sandle, T. and Satyada, R. (2015) Assessment of the disinfection of impaction air sampler heads using 70% IPA, as part of cleanroom environmental monitoring, European Journal of Parenteral and Pharmaceutical Science, 20 (3): 94-99

Sandle, T. (2015) Approaching Microbiological Method Validation, Journal of GXP Compliance, 19 (4): 1-15

Also published in IVT Network Analytical Method Validation Vol. IV, 2017
Sandle, T. (2015) Searching for Antimicrobials in the Unlikeliest of Places, J Pharm Microbiol, 1 (1): 1-3

Chesca, A., Sandle, T., Babenko, D. and Azizov, A. (2015) Structural  issues of the tegument regions adjacent  to the melanocytic nevi, Annals of the Romanian Society for Cell Biology, 20 (1): 7-10

Sandle, T. (2016) Risk-Based Approach to Internal Quality Auditing, Journal of Validation Technology, 22 (1): 1-10

Sandle, T. (2016) Bacteriophages offer an Antimicrobial Solution, Journal of Microbiology & Experimentation, 3 (1): 1-2 (DOI: 10.15406/jmen.2016.03.00077)

Sandle, T. and Satyada, R. (2016) Determination of the cleaning efficiency for glassware in the pharmaceutical microbiology laboratory, European Journal of Parenteral and Pharmaceutical Sciences, 21 (1): 20- 28

Chesca, A., Chesca, S.A., Sandle, T., Babenko, D., and Azizov, I. (2016) Alzheimer's Medical Considerations, Archives of the Balkan Medical Union, 51 (1): 90-93

Cheşcă A., Cheşcă S. A., Sandle T. (2016) Medical data regarding functional exploration in lung pathology, Clinical Medicine, 78 (1): 67-71

Sandle, T. and Satyada, R. (2016) Determination of the cleaning efficiency for glassware in the pharmaceutical microbiology laboratory, European Journal of Parenteral & Pharmaceutical Sciences; 21(1): 16-22

Vijayakumar, R., Al-Aboody, M. S., AlFonaisan, M. K., Sandle, T. (2016) In vitro susceptibility of multidrug resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa clinical isolates to common biocides, International Journal of Research in Pharmaceutical Sciences, 7 (1): 110-116

Babenko, D., Amirbekova, Z., Turmuhambetova, A., Sandle, T. and Chesca, A. (2016) In silico comparison serotyping and genotyping methods for Chlamydia trachomatis, Annals of Romanian Society for Cell Biology, Vol. XX, Issue 2, 2016, pp. 1 – 4

Akhmaltdinova, L.L., Azizov, I., Sandle, T., Gyurka, A.G. and Chessca, A. (2016) Use of flow cytometry for the evaluation of disinfectant effectiveness, Archives of the Balkan Medical Union, 51 (2): 213-215

 Sandle, T. (2016) Risk Assessment for Intervention Scoring in Relation to Aseptic Processing, Journal of Validation Technology, 22 (2): 1-10

Sandle, T. (2016) Risk Consideration for Aging Pharmaceutical Facilities, Journal of Validation Technology, 22 (2): 11-20
Sandle T. The Importance of Water Activity for Risk Assessing Pharmaceutical Products, J Pharm Microbiol. 2016, 2 (1): 1-2

Cheşcă A., Sandle T., Gyurka G. (2016) A. Medical considerations regarding chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, Medicine and Ecology, 79 (2): 91-94

Gyurka A. G., Cheşcă S. A., Sandle T. (2016) Statistical study on cardiopulmonary diseases, Medicine and Ecology, 79 (2): 95-98

Sandle, T. (2016) Designing Aseptic Process Simulations: The Time and Container Number Conundrum, Journal of GxP Compliance,  20 (3): 1-12

Lavrinenko, A., Tishkambayevi, Y., Serbo, Y., Shambilova, N., Azizov, I., Sandle, T., Gyurka, A. and Chesca, A. (2016) Prevalence of urinary Tract Infections in Pregnant Women, Archives of the Balkan Medical Union, 15 (3): 307-310

Sandle, T. (2016) Control of WFI and Clean Steam Systems for Bacterial Endotoxins, Journal of GxP Compliance,  20 (4): 1-15

Babenko, A., Turmuhambetova, A., Sandle, T. and Chesca, A. (2016) In silico comparison of molecular typing methods for characterization of Staphylococcus aureus, Acta Medica Mediterranea, 32: 1021-1027

Vijayakumar, R., Al- Aboody, M. S., AlFonaisan, M. K., Alturaiki, W., Mickymaray, S., Premanathan, M., Alsagaby, S. A. and Sandle, T. (2016) Determination of minimum inhibitory concentrations of common biocides to multidrug-resistant gram-negative bacteria, Applied Medical Research, 2 (3): 56-62 (DOI: 10.5455/amr.20161012082036)

Babenko, D., Omarkulov, B., Azizov, I., Sandle, T., Moraru, D. and Chesca, A. (2016) Evaluation of sequence based typing methods (SPA and MSLT) for clonal characterization of Staphylococcus aureus, Acta Medica Mediterranea, 32: 1851-1856

Sandle, T. (2016) Data Integrity Considerations for the Pharmaceutical Microbiology Laboratory, Journal of GXP Compliance, 20 (6): 1-12

Chescha, A., Sandle, T. and Gyurka, G. A. (2016) Considerations on the structures involved in the control of transmission mechanism mediated of calcium pulses, Annals of The Romanian Society for Cell Biology, 21 (1): 1-6

Cheşcă A., Cheşcă S. A., Sandle T. (2016) An approach on chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, Medicine and Ecology, 80 (3): 116-119

Cheşcă A., Ciomeica A., Sandle T. Structural aspects on pathologic appendix versus normal appendix, Medicine and Ecology, 80 (3): 120-123

Sandle, T. (2017) Biodecontamination of Cleanrooms and Laboratories Using Gassing Systems, Journal of GxP Compliance, 21 (1): 1-12 - http://www.ivtnetwork.com/article/biodecontamination-cleanrooms-and-laboratories-using-gassing-systems

Vijayakumar, R., Al- Aboody, M.S., Alturaiki, W. and Sandle, T. (2017) Review on endotoxin mediated toxic anterior segment syndrome (TASS) in ophthalmic products- Outbreaks, product recall and testing limits, European Journal of Parenteral and Pharmaceutical Science, 22 (1): 20-25

Chesca, A. and Sandle, T. (2017) Structural aspects of tonsillitis, Medicine and Ecology, 82 (1): 112-114

Chesca, A. and Sandle, T. (2017) A new approach related to structural aspects of pathological appendix versus normal appendix, Medicine and Ecology, 82 (1): 115-118

Sandle, T. (2017) Santitization of Pharmaceutical Facilities, IVT Special Edition Utility Qualification Volume II, pp56-62

Sandle, T. (2017) Validation and Assessment of Computerized System Software in a Pharmaceutical Facility, IVT Special Edition Utility Qualification Volume II, pp13-20

Babenko, D., Turmuhambetova, A., Sandle, T., Pestrea, A.A., Moraru, D. and Chesca, A. (2017) In silica comparison of different types of MLVA with PFGE based on Pseudomonas aeruginosa genomes, Acta Medica Mediterranea, 33: 607-612

Vijayakumar, R., Al-Aboody, M.S., Alturaiki, W., Suliman A. Alsagaby, S.A., Sandle, T. (2017) A study of airborne fungal allergens in sandstorm dust in Al-Zulfi, central region of Saudi Arabia, Journal of Environmental and Occupational Science, 6 (1): 27-33 (DOI: 10.5455/jeos.20170120094512)

Sandle, T. (2017) Design and control of pharmaceutical water systems to minimize microbial contamination, Pharmaceutical Engineering, 37 (4): 44-48

Akhayeva, A., Azizov, I., Kenzhetayeva, T., Zhupenova, D., Sandle, T., Gyurka, A. G., Pestrea, S.A. and Chesca, A. (2017) Diagnostic value of IL-6 for community acquired pneumonia in children, Archives of the Balkan Medical Union, 52 (2): 11-14

Sandle, T. (2017) Design and Control of Pharmaceutical Water Systems to Minimize Microbiological Contamination, Pharmaceutical Engineering, 37 (4): 44-48

Sandle, T. (2017) Pharmaceutical Microbiology: Current and Future Challenges, Journal of GxP Compliance, 21 (4): 1- 5: http://www.ivtnetwork.com/article/pharmaceutical-microbiology-current-and-future-challenges

Sandle, T. (2017) Matrix Approach for the Qualification of a Pharmaceutical Facility Autoclave, Journal of GxP Compliance, 21 (4): 1- 10: http://www.ivtnetwork.com/article/matrix-approach-qualification-pharmaceutical-facility-autoclave

Sandle, T. (2017) Microbial Identification strategy for pharmaceutical microbiology, Journal of GxP Compliance, 21 (4): 11-20: http://www.ivtnetwork.com/article/microbial-identification-strategy-pharmaceutical-microbiology

University courses

Sandle, T. Environmental Monitoring Module for University of Manchester School of Pharmacy PMAT MSc course (100,000 word module divided into nine units). First edition: 2007; revised 2011 and in 2013

Sandle, T. Sterility and Sterility Assurance Module for University of Manchester School of Pharmacy PMAT MSc course. Written in 2013.

Sandle, T. Introduction to Pharmaceutical Microbiology for University of Manchester School of Pharmacy PMAT MSc course. Written in 2013.

Tim Sandle is the tutor for each of the above courses.

Training materials

Training CDs produced for Pharmig (Pharmaceutical Microbiology Interest Group):

Sandle, T. and Alexander, B. (2011). Electronic Pack 1: Best Practices in Microbiological Documentation, Pharmaceutical Microbiology Interest Group, Pharmig: Stanstead Abbotts, UK

Sandle, T. and Alexander, B. Electronic Pack 2: Setting up and managing an effective training programme in the microbiology laboratory, Pharmaceutical Microbiology Interest Group, Pharmig: Stanstead Abbotts, UK

Technical articles

Sandle, T. Environmental Monitoring in a Sterility Testing Isolator, PharMIG Newsletter No.1, March 2000
Sandle, T. Microbiology Web-sites - A Survey, Institute of Science Technology Journal, July 2000

Sandle, T. Microbiological Culture Media: Designing a Testing Scheme, PharMIG News No.2, August 2000

Sandle, T. Performance characteristics of Automated LAL Tests, PharMIG News No. 4, April 2001

Sandle, T. Repeatability and Precision - Necessary Factors in Standard Testing?, PharMIG News, No.5, August 2001

Sandle, T. Conference Report: 2001, PharMIG News No. 7, December 2001

Sandle, T. LAL Test Method - Which Technique?, PharMIG News No.10, October 2002

Sandle, T. Particle Monitoring and Control, Pharmaceutical Manufacturing and Packaging Sourcer, Spring 2003, pp8-11(extract http://www.samedanltd.com/magazine/15/issue/82/article/1854)

Sandle, T. The Changing Role of the Pharmaceutical Microbiologist, PharMIG News, Issue 12, June 2003

Sandle, T. Cleanroom Monitoring – What, Where and How Often?, PharMIG News, Issue 13, September 2003, pp9 – 12

Sandle, T. General Considerations for the Risk Assessment of Isolators used for Aseptic Processes, Pharmaceutical Manufacturing and Packaging Sourcer, Samedan Ltd, Winter 2004, pp43-47 (extract http://www.samedanltd.com/magazine/15/issue/60/article/1367)

Sandle, T. 50 Years of Providing the Lifeblood of the Nation, Around Radlett: The Newsletter of Aldenham Parish Council, No. 63, Spring 2004, p5

Sandle, T. ‘Review of Current Approaches for the Validation of Disinfectants’, PharMIG News, No. 15, March / April 2004, pp10-15

Sandle, T. Fifty Years of Continuous Achievement: The History of the Bio Products Laboratory (BPL), Internal BPL Publication, April 2004 (limited print run: 1, 500 copies)

Sandle, T. Three Aspects of LAL Testing: Glucans, Depyropgenation and Water System Qualification. PharMIG News No. 16. June / July 2004, pp3-12

Sandle, T. A Golden Jubilee: BPL at 50, Circulation, August 2004, NationalBlood Service Magazine, p8

Sandle, T. Training within the Microbiology Laboratory, PharMIG News, Issue 17, October 2004, pp3-6

Sandle, T. Notable Scientists Who Worked Locally, Around Radlett: The Newsletter of Aldenham Parish Council, No. 66, Christmas 2004, p6

Sandle, T. Microbiological Environmental Monitoring in Clean Areas: Using Risk Assessment, Pharmaceutical Manufacturing and Packaging Sourcer, Winter 2004, pp105-107

Sandle, T. Gram’s Stain: History and Explanation of the Fundament Technique of Determinative Bacteriology, PharMIG News, Issue 18, January 2005, pp5-6


Sandle, T. ‘Keeping It Clean’, Circulation, National Blood Service, August 2005, p10

Sandle, T. A Microbiological Risk Assessment Case Study, PharMIG News, Issue 20, July 2005, pp6-9

Sandle, T. Some Reflections on Trend Analysis, PharMIG News, Issue 21, October 2005, pp12-15

Sandle, T. Active Air Sampling – The Selection Process Made Easy, Pharmaceutical Manufacturing and Packaging Sourcer, Winter 2005, pp30-33

Sandle, T. Constructing an Environmental Monitoring Programme: Part 1,PharMIG News, Issue 22, February 2006, pp2-6

Sandle, T. A final floor show for bugs’, Cleanroom Technology, April 2006, 12 (4): 19-21

Sandle, T. Constructing an Environmental Monitoring Programme: Part 2,PharMIG News, Issue 23, May 2006, pp2-7

Sandle, T. Evaluation of two different types of contact plate, PharMIG News, Issue 24, pp4-7

Sandle, T. Micro Management: Monitoring the Cleanroom Environment,Pharmaceutical Manufacturing and Packaging Sourcer, Autumn 2006, pp64-66

Sandle, T. Use of Risk Assessment to Assess Environmental Monitoring Data: Part One, PharMIG News, Issue 25, pp8-11

Skinner, K. and Sandle, T. (2006): How Effective are Swabs? An Examination of Swab Recovery, PharMIG News, Issue 25, pp4-5

Ross, S. and Sandle, T. (2007): Air Pattern Analysis of a Filtration Transfer,PharMIG News, Issue 26, pp3-4

Sandle, T. Use of Risk Assessment to Assess Environmental Monitoring Data: Part Two, PharMIG News, Issue 26, 2007, pp9-15

Sandle, T. Use of Risk Assessment to Assess Environmental Monitoring Data: Part Three, PharMIG News, Issue 27, pp7-13

Sandle, T. A Breath of Fresh Air: the validation of active air sampling, Pharmaceutical Manufacturing and Packaging Sourcer, Summer 2007, pp8-12 (extract: http://www.samedanltd.com/magazine/15/issue/82/article/1854)

Sandle, T. Microbiology and the World Wide Web - Revisited, PharMIG News, Issue 28, pp10-11

Sandle, T. Some Considerations on the Use of Endotoxin Indicators in Depyrogenation Studies, Pharmaceutical Microbiology Forum Newsletter, Vol. 13, No. 10, November 2007, pp2-11

Sandle, T. Calling Time on the Pyrogen Test, PharMIG News, Issue 29, 2007, pp03-04

Tours, N. and Sandle, T.  A Comparative Study of Different Methods of Endotoxin Destruction, Pharmig News, Issue 30, March 2008, pp4-8.

Sandle, T. and Skinner, K. ‘A Practical Example Arising from the Harmonization of the Microbial Enumeration Method for Water’, Pharmaceutical Microbiology Forum Newsletter, Vol. 14, No.4, pp2-5

Roberts, J. and Sandle, T. ‘Assessment of the Potassium Hydroxide Test as a Complimentary Test for the Gram-stain’, Pharmig News, No. 31, June 2008, pp1-4

Sandle, T. The Sterility Test and other changes to the European Pharmacopeia, 6th edition, Pharmig News, No. 32, September 2008, pp1-3

Sandle, T. Biological Safety: The despatch of microbial cultures, Pharmig News, No. 32, September 2008, pp5-7

Sandle, T. Calculation of warning (alert) and action levels for a water system, Pharmig News, No.33, December 2008, pp1-4

Sandle, T. Book Review: Guide to Microbiological Control in Pharmaceuticals and Medical Devices, 2nd edition edited by Stephen Denyer and Rosamund Baird, Pharmig News, No.33, December 2008, pp9

Sandle, T., Roberts, J. and Skinner, K. (2009): 'An examination of the sample hold times in the Microbiological Examination of Water Samples', Pharmaceutical Microbiology Forum Newsletter, Vol. 15, No.2, pp2-7

Sandle, T. (2009): 'Biological Indicators for Steam Sterilisation', Pharmig News, No.34, pp10-14 (updated and reproduced on-line at: http://microbiologystudents.com/article.php?article_id=198, 6th December 2010 for ‘Microbiology Students’)

Sandle, T. and Roberts, J. The microbiologist’s dilemma: optimising time, temperature and culture media, Pharmig News, Issue 35, 2010, pp1-5

Sandle, T. Cleanroom Operator Training: An Approach for Basic Hygiene, Pharmig News, Issue 37,2010, pp1-9

Sandle, T. Microbiology and the World Wide Web, Pharmaceutical Microbiology Forum Newsletter, Vol. 15, Number 11, 2010, pp2-5

Sandle, T. ‘Introduction to Antimicrobials’, Pharmig News, Issue 39, 2010, pp5-7

Sandle, T. (2010): 'Choosing Disinfectants', Cleanroom Technology, August 2010, 18 98): 11-13

Sandle, T. (2010): PIC/S Guide on Aseptic Processing, Pharmaceutical Microbiology Forum Newsletter, Vol.16, No.2, pp10-11

Sandle, T. (2010): ‘Effective and Efficient Hand Sanitisation’, Inside Hospitals, December 2010
(reproduced on-line at: http://www.inside-hospitals.co.uk/ under features, infection prevention, schulke)

Sandle, T. (2010): 'Cleaning Cleanrooms', Cleanroom Technology, December 2010, pp22-24 (reproduced on-line at: http://www.cleanroom-technology.co.uk/technical/article_page/Cleaning_cleanrooms/57871) [26th November 2010]

Sandle, T. (2010): ‘Changes to the European Pharmacopoeia: 2008 - 2010’, Pharmaceutical Microbiology Forum newsletter, Vol. 16, No.12, December 2010, pp10-14

Sandle, T. (2010): "Medical and social development of the English and Welsh Blood Service: the evolving status of venepuncture", Wellcome History, Issue 45, pp17-18

Sandle, T. (2010): "Training within the Microbiology Laboratory", Global BioPharmaceutical Resources Inc. Newsletter, December 2010, pp1-11 (available to view at: http://www.gbprinc.com/pdf/TrainingWithinTheMicrobiologyLaboratory.pdf)

Sandle, J. and Sandle, T. (2011): ‘Infection Control in Healthcare’, Pharmig News, Number 42, pp3-6

Sandle, T. (2011): ‘A review of current developments in cleanroom standards’, Pharmig News, Number 42, pp12-14

Sandle, T. (2011): 'Investigating Sterility Test Failures', Global BioPharmaceutical Resources Inc. Newsletter, February 2011, pp1-16 (http://www.gbprinc.com/pdf/InvestigatingSterilityTestFailures.pdf)

Sandle, T. (2011) "Glucans and the Bacterial Endotoxin Test", Global Pharmaceutical Resources Inc Newsletter, April 2011, pp1-12 (available at: http://www.gbprinc.com/pdf/Whitepaper041411-4.pdf)

Sandle, T. (2011): 'The Consequence of Failure to Monitor Air Quality in Cleanrooms: A Case Study', Pharmig News No. 43, pp3-7

Sandle, T. (2011): ‘Biological Indicators for Steam Sterilization: Failure Investigations’, Pharmaceutical Microbiology Forum Newsletter, Vol. 17, No.5, pp2-8

Sandle, T. (2011): 'Advances in Cleanroom Technology', Process India, Vol. 1, No.3, pp42-44

Sandle, T. (2011): ‘Container-Closures for Pharmaceutical Preparations’, GBPR, Inc. Newsletter, August 2011, pp1-6 (available at: http://www.gbprinc.com/pdf/GBPRContainerClosures.pdf)

Sandle, T. (2011): “Maintaining hygiene: keeping surfaces clean”, Inside Hospitals, August 2011, p40

Sandle, T. (2011). 'Validating surface cleaning agents', Cleanroom Technology, September 2011, 19 (9): 15-18

Sandle, T. (2011): "Characterization of Microbial Contamination in Pharmaceutical Facilities", Global BioPharmaceutical Resources Inc. Newsletter, September 2011, pp1-15 (available at: http://www.gbprinc.com/pdf/GBPRCharacterization092311.pdf)

Sandle, T. (2011). "Risk Management in Pharmaceutical Microbiology", Pharmaceutical Manufacturing, September 2011, Vol 10, Issue 8: 30-36 (http://www.scribd.com/doc/95778970/PM-Sept2011)

Sandle, T. (2011): "Sterility Test Requirements for Biological Products", Pharmaceutical Microbiology Forum Newsletter, Vol. 17, No.8, pp5-14 (available at: http://www.microbiologyforum.org/PMFNews/PMFNews.17.08.1108.pdf)

Sandle, T. (2011): "Environmental Monitoring: Corrective and Preventative Actions", Global BioPharmaceutical Resources Inc. Newsletter, October 2011, pp1-18 (available at: http://www.gbprinc.com/pdf/GBPROctober2011NewsletterFeaturedArticleIssue2.pdf)

Sandle, T. (2011): Keeping Hands and Surfaces Clean, Arab Medical Hygiene, Issue 3, pp11-17

Sandle, T. (2011): "Cleanrooms and Air Quality – A Risk-Based Approach", Global Biopharmaceutical Resources Inc. Newsletter, December 2011, pp1-13 (available at: http://click.icptrack.com/icp/relay.php?r=37671113&msgid=1460557&act=RAB6&c=623139&destination=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.gbprinc.com%2Fpdf%2FGBPRDecember2011FeaturedArticle.pdf)

Sandle, T. (2012) "Recent Developments in European Regulatory Requirements: Issues Affecting the Microbiologist", Pharmaceutical Microbiology Forum Newsletter, Vol. 18, No.1, pp5-15 (available at: http://www.microbiologyforum.org/PMFNews/PMFNews.18.01.1201.pdf)

Sandle, T. and Sandle, J. (2012). “Data Analysis – Shewhart Chart”, Pharmig News, Number 46, pp2-5

Sandle, T. (2012). “Cleanrooms and Clean Air”, Arab Medical Hygiene, Issue 4, pp19-25
Sandle, T. (2012). "Approaching Risk Assessment: Tools and Methods", Global Biopharmaceutical Resources Inc. Newsletter, February 2012, pp1-23 (available at: http://www.gbprinc.com/pdf/GBPRFebruary2012FeaturedArticle.pdf)
Sandle, T. (2012). Cleanroom Cleaning and Disinfection: Eight Steps for Success, Controlled Environments Magazine, March 2012 (http://www.cemag.us/print/5636)
Sandle, T. (2012). “Introducing Antimicrobials”, Arab Medical Hygiene, Issue 5: 37-41
Sandle, T. (2012). “Airflow visualisation in an aseptic facility”, Cleanroom Technology, May 2012, 20 (5): 13-17

Sandle, T. and Saghee, M.R. (2012). “Application of Sterilization by Gamma Radiation for Single-Use Disposable Technologies in the Biopharmaceutical Sector”, Pharmaceutical Technology, Supplement: Bioprocessing and Pharmaceutical Manufacturing, May 2012, S20-S27 (http://digital.findpharma.com/nxtbooks/advanstar/pt_201205_supp/index.php?startid=s30#/20)

Sandle, T. and Saghee, M. R. (2012). “Cleanroom Technology: Setting the Scene”, Pharmaceutical Manufacturing and Packaging Sourcer, May 2012, pp38-42

Sandle, T. (2012). The Characterization of Microbial Contamination’, Pharmig News Number 47, pp2-4

Sandle, T. (2012). FDA: Sterility Test Requirements for Biological Products, Pharmig News Number 47, pp5-8

Sandle, T. (2012). Pyrogens, Endotoxin and the LAL Test: An Introduction in Relation to Pharmaceutical Processing, Global BioPharmaceutical Resources Newsletter, May 2012, pp1-16 (http://www.gbprinc.com/pdf/GBPRMay2012FeaturedArticle.pdf)

Sandle, T. (2012). Pharmaceutical Microbiology and Pharmig, Innovations For Success, Issue 29, summer 2012, p35 (http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/ec07d7ab#/ec07d7ab/34)

Sandle, T. and Saghee, M.R. (2012). Application of Sterilization by Gamma Radiation for Single-Use Disposable Technologies in the Biopharmaceutical Sector, Pharmaceutical Technology, Volume 36, Issue 5,  pp. s20-s30

Sandle, T. (2012). “A silver lining? The use of antimicrobial bandages”, Arab Medical Hygiene, Issue 6, July 2012, pp19-25

Sandle, T. (2012). "Sanitization of Pharmaceutical Facilities", Global BioPharmaceutical Resources Inc. Newsletter, July 2012, pp1-14

Sandle, T. (2012) "Contamination Control Underfoot", Controlled Environments, Vol. 15, No.7, pp10-11 (http://www.cemag.us/print/6121)

Sandle, T. (2012). "Practical Selection of Cleanroom Disinfectants", Hospital Pharmacy Europe, Issue 63, pp39-41

Also as:

Sandle, T. (2012). “Desinfektionsmittel – Auswahl für den Einsatz in der Pharmaindustrie”, IAB Cleanroom GmbH website: http://www.iab-reinraumprodukte.de/info-portal/fachartikel/desinfektionsmittel-pharmaindustrie.html (published 301st July 2012)

Sandle, T. (2012). Good practices for microbiology laboratories, GMP Review, Vol. 11, No.3, October 2012, pp6-8

Reprinted in Logfile:

Sandle, T. (2013) Good practices for microbiology laboratories, Logfile, 1, pp1-4 (https://www.gmp-publishing.com/media/files/leitartikel_2013/LOGFILE-1-2013-good-practices-for-microbiology-labs.pdf)

Sandle, T. and Saghee, M.R. (2012). Cleanroom Technology: Inside the Box” Pharmaceutical Manufacturing and Packaging Sourcer, Summer 2012, pp54-57

Sandle, T. (2012). “Introduction to particle counting”, Pharmig News, Number 48, pp6-9

Sandle, T. (2012). “Cleaning endoscopes: Considering the risks and benefits of enzymatic and non-enzymatic detergents”, Inside Hospitals, June 2012, pp14-15

Sandle, T. (2012). ‘Introduction to Particle Monitoring’, Pharmig News, Issue 48, pp6-9

Sandle, T. (2012). An Air of Safety: The application of cleanrooms and clean air devices within the hospital setting, European Medical Hygiene, Issue 1, pp11-17

Sandle, T. (2012). Wipe study measures particle shedding, Cleanroom Technology, September 2012, 20 (9): 26-29

Sandle, T. (2012). ‘Detergent choices for endoscope reprocessing’, The Clinical Services Journal, Volume 11, Issue 8, pp71-75

Sandle, T. (2012). European Pharmacopeia Proposes Revision to Biological Indicators Chapter, Pharmaceutical Microbiology Forum Newsletter, Vol. 18, No.5, pp4-7

Sandle, T. (2012). Ensuring Contamination Control: The validation of disinfectants, European Medical Hygiene, November 2012, pp33-39

Sandle, T. (2012). Pharmig History: A Potted Guide (1992-2012), Conference Paper provided to delegates at the 2012 Pharmig Conference (Chipping Norton, UK).

Sandle, T. (2012). Making the grade in filters, Cleanroom Technology, December 2012, 20 (12): 19-20

Sandle, T. (2012). Review of FDA warning letters for microbial bioburden issues (2001-2011), Pharma Times, Vol. 44, No.12, pp29-30

Sandle, T. (2012). Making the grade in filters, Cleanroom Technology, December 2012, pp19-20

Sandle, T. (2012). Utilisation de la gamma, Salles Propes, Issue 81, pp42-54

Sandle, T. and Saghee, M.R. (2012). Gamma irradiation cleans up, Medical Device Developments, October 2012, reproduced on-line at: http://www.medicaldevice-developments.com/features/featuregamma-rays-irradiation/
Sandle, T. (2013). Revised FDA Guidance on Pyrogens and Endotoxin, Pharmig News, Number 51, p10

Sandle, T. (2013). Pharmig hosts successful twentieth anniversary conference, Pharmig News, Number 51, p4-5

Sandle, T. (2013). Electron beam processing: A rapidly developing sterilisation technology, European Medical Hygiene, February 2013, pp9-13

Sandle, T. (2013). Variability and the LAL assay, Pharmaceutical Microbiology Forum Newsletter, Vol. 19(1), pp4-12

Sandle, T. (2013). New guidance for environmental monitoring in cleanrooms, GMP Review, Vol. 11, No.4, pp9-11

Sandle, T. (2013). Sandle, T. (2013). Biocontamination control - Moves toward a better standard, Cleanroom Technology, 21 (4): 14-15. Online: http://www.cleanroom-technology.co.uk/technical/article_page/Biocontamination_control__moves_toward_a_better_standard/87172

Sandle, T. (2013). Avoiding Dilution Error With the LAL Assay, Pharmaceutical Microbiology Forum Newsletter, Vol. 19(2), pp2-13

Sandle, T. (2013). 'A new ray of hope to address water pollutants', Industry 2.0, Vol. 12, Issue 8, pp33

Sandle, T. (2013). 20 years of Microbiology, Cleanroom Technology, March 2013, 21 (3): 24-25

Sandle, T. (2013). Bacteria and temperature of growth: a simple introduction, Pharmig News Number 51, pp2-3.

Siew, A. (2013): Ensuring Sterility of Parenteral Products: an interview with James Agalloco, Tim Sandle and Benoit Verjans, Pharmaceutical Technology, Vol. 37, Number 4, pp62-67

Sandle, T. (2013). Single-Use: Sterile Disposable Technology, Industry 2.0, Vol.12, Issue 9, pp45-47
Wilder, C., Sandle, T. and Sutton, S. (2013). Implications of the Human Microbiome on Pharmaceutical Microbiology, American Pharmaceutical Review, 16 (5): pp17-21
Also: June 2013, on-line publication: http://www.americanpharmaceuticalreview.com/1504-White-Papers-Application-Notes/140112-Implications-of-the-Human-Microbiome-on-Pharmaceutical-Microbiology/?catid=6262

Sandle T (2013) Could the ‘Black Death’ Become a Re-Emerging
Infectious Disease? J Anc Dis Prev Rem 1: e104. doi:10.4172/jadpr.1000e104

Sandle, T. (2013). Automated Microbial Identifications: A comparison of USP and EP approaches, American Pharmaceutical Review, 16 (4): 56-61
Sandle, T. (2013): Risk assessment and monitoring of cleanrooms, Hospital Pharmacy Europe, May / June 2013, pp54-56

Sandle, T. (2013). FDA Guidance on pyrogens and endotoxin, GMP Review, 12 (2): 7-9

Sandle, T. (2013). Understanding cleanroom microflora, The Journal: the Official Journal of the Institute of Science and Technology, Summer 2013, pp35-45

Sandle, T. (2013). Avoiding Contamination of Water Systems, The Clinical Services Journal, 12 (9):  33-36

Sandle, T. (2013) Risk Management in Sterile Environments. In Thomas, P. (Ed.) Aseptic Manufacturing - a road map to excellence, Pharmaceutical Manufacturing, USA, pp3-9 (http://www.pharmamanufacturing.com/assets/wp_downloads/pdf/dpt.pdf)
Sandle, T. and Sandle, J. (2013). An Important Aspect of Healthcare: Outlining the many considerations of infection control, Arab Medical Hygiene, October 2013, pp34-39

Sandle, T. (2013): Pharmaceutical Product Impurities: Considering Beta Glucans, American Pharmaceutical Review, 16 (5) Special Edition Supplement 'Furthering Pharmaceutical Microbiology': 16-19

Sandle, T. (2013). Skin cleaning before cathererisation, Inside Hospitals, October 2013, pp40-41

Sandle, T. (2013). Water Quality Concerns: Contamination control of hospital water systems, European Medical Hygiene, November 2013, pp14-19

Sandle, T. (2013). USP updates: cleanrooms and sterilization, Clean Air and Containment Review, Issue 16, pp24-25

Sandle, T. (2013). Single-use technology for biopharma, Cleanroom Technology, 21 (12): 15-19

Sandle, T. (2013). A comparative study of different methods of endotoxin destruction, American Pharmaceutical Review, Supplement on Endotoxin Detection: techniques and developments, November 2013, pp15-17

Sandle, T. (2013). Using an antimicrobial skin cleanser before catheterisation, Journal of Community Nursing, Vol. 27, No.5, pp30-34

Sandle, T. (2013). Innovations in Cleanroom Technology, Pharma Times, 45 (12): 14-15

Sandle, T. (2014) Recent changes to bacterial taxonomy, Micrographia Today, 1 (1): 31-36

Sandle, T. (2014) Modern Approaches to Pharma Cleanroom Design, Controlled Environments, 17 (1): 8-10

Sandle, T. (2014). Biologics and biosimilars: the regulatory environment, Clean Air and Containment Review, Issue 17, pp20-21

Sandle, T. (2014) Selection of Laboratory Disinfectants, Lab World Magazine, 3 (2): 17-22

Sandle, T. (2014) Fungal contamination of pharmaceutical products: the growing menace, European Pharmaceutical Review, 19 (1): 68-71

Sandle, T. (2014) The rise of antimicrobial resistant microorganisms, Microbiology World, Issue 2, pp10-16

Sandle, T. (2014) EU GMP Annex 15 Revisions: Improving Qualification and Validation, Cleanroom Technology, April 2014, pp14-16

Sandle, T. (2014) Revision to EU GMP Annex 15: Qualification and Validation, Clean Air and Containment Review, Issue 18, pp22-23

Sandle, T. (2014) WHO updates endotoxin guidance for parenteral products, GMP Review, 13 (1): 7-8
Sandle, T. (2014) Selecting cleanroom disinfectants, La Vague, Issue 42, pp28-31
Sandle, T. (2014) Assessment of Culture Media in Pharmaceutical Microbiology, American Pharmaceutical Review, June 2014: http://www.americanpharmaceuticalreview.com/Specialty/Microbiology/Featured-Articles/163589-Assessment-of-Culture-Media-in-Pharmaceutical-Microbiology/?catid=6262

Sandle, T. (2014) Examination of air and surface particulate levels from cleanroom mats and polymeric flooring, Pharmig News 56, pp2-8

Sandle, T. (2014) Non-sterile pharmaceutical manufacturing: USP chapter in development, Clean Air and Containment Review, Issue 19, pp19-20

Sandle, T. (2014) Quality control of hospital water systems, Microbiolz India, Issue 7, pp20-25

Sandle, T. (2014) Medicines and the Microbiome, The Medicine Maker, Issue 1, p18-19: http://themedicinemaker.com/issues/2100-a-medicine-manufacturing-odyssey/medicines-and-the-microbiome/

Sandle, T. (2014) Quality Control of Hospital Water, The Clinical Services Journal, 13 (8): 47-51

Sandle, T. (2014) Variability and Test Error with the LAL Assay, American Pharmaceutical Review, October 2014, pp1-5: http://www.americanpharmaceuticalreview.com/Featured-Articles/167404-Variability-and-Test-Error-with-the-LAL-Assay/

Sandle, T. (2014) Are alcohol wipes effective in the presence of protein?, The Dentist, October 2014, pp92-94

Sandle, T. (2014) Pharmacopeial changes in relation to pyrogens and endotoxin, GMP Review, 13 (3): 10- 12

Sandle, T. (2014) Review Of cGMPs For Sterile Manufacturing, GMP Insight, Issue 1, pp2-4
Sandle, T. (2014) A Practical Approach to the Selection of Cleanroom Disinfectants, Pharma Focus Asia, Issue 21, pp27-30 (http://www.pharmafocusasia.com/articles/practical-approach)
Sandle, T. (2014) The Risk of Bacillus cereus to Pharmaceutical Manufacturing, American Pharmaceutical Review, 17 (6): pp-pp

Sandle, T. (2014) Taking on the Resistance, Laboratory News, March 2014, pp8-10: http://www.labnews.co.uk/features/taking-on-the-resistance/
Sandle, T. (2015) Auditing Cleanrooms, Cleanroom Technology, February 2015, pp66-68

Sandle, T. (2015) Cleanroom wipes, European Medical Hygiene, February 2015, pp24-29
Sandle, T. (2015) Cleanroom Disinfectants, Cleanroom Technology, January 2015, pp10-11 (interview: http://flickread.com/edition/html/index.php?pdf=54ba1a26714b8&dm_i=8EU,358EB,AW0FAO,B9QJX,1#62
Sandle, T. (2015) Cleanroom Wipes, European Medical Hygiene, Issue 9, pp24-29
Sandle, T. (2015) Real-time biological particle counting in environmental monitoring, European Pharmaceutical Review, Vol. 20, Issue 2, pp39-42

Sandle, T. (2015) Sanitization of Pharmaceutical Facilities, Pharmig News, number 59, pp2-7

Sandle, T. (2015) FDA opens up review into hand disinfectants, GMP Review, 14 (2): 8-9
Sandle, T. (2015) Innovations in cleanrooms and environmental monitoring, Cleanrooms: Express Pharma Special Supplement, July 2015, pp12-14

Sandle, T. (2015) Contamination control guidances under review, Clean Air and Containment Review, Issue 23, pp22-23

Sandle, T. (2015) European Sterile Products Guidance Under Review, American Pharmaceutical Review, September / October 2015: 1-4

Sandle, T. (2015) Current Methods and Approaches for Viral Clearance, American Pharmaceutical Review, September / October 2015: 1-4

Sandle, T. (2015) FDA issues revised guidance for analytical method validation, GMP Review, 14 (3): 8-10

Sandle, T. (2015) Importance of Risk Assessment for a Aseptic Transfer in Pharmaceutical Compounding, Clean Air and Containment Review, Issue 24, pp18-23

Sandle, T. (2015) Safe use of disinfectants and detergents in cleanrooms, Innovation Into Success (quarterly journal of UKSPA), Issue 38, pp81-84

Sandle, T. (2015) Embracing Rapid Microbiology, The Medicine Maker, Issue 12, pp18-19

Sandle, T. (2015) 10 Most influential microbiologists of the 21st Century, Microbioz India, Vol. 2, Issue 21, pp8-14: http://www.microbiozindia.com/top-10-most-influential-microbiologist-of-21st-century.htm

Sandle, T. 2015 Development of a biocontanination control strategy, Cleanroom Technology, 23 (11), 25 - 30

Sandle, T. (2015) Current Developments with Disposable Technology and Single-Use Systems for Aseptic Processing, BioPharma Asia, 4 (6): 5-11

Sandle, T. (2016) Calling time on the General Safety Test, GMP Review, 14 (4): 11-13
Sandle, T. (2016) Standards and controls for skin disinfection, The Clinical Services Journal, 15 (2): 25-28

Sandle, T. (2016) New estimates of microbial numbers in our bodies, Microbioz India, Vol. 3, pp9-13

Sandle, T. (2016) Pharmaceutical Facility Sanitization: Best Practices Considered, American Pharmaceutical Review, March 2016, pp1-5

Sandle, T. (2016) Beneath the surface of new cleanliness standard ISO 14644-13, Cleanroom Technology, April 2016, pp27-28

Sandle, T. (2016) Pharmaceutical Facility Sanitization: Best Practices Considered, American Pharmaceutical Review, 19 (2): 32-29

Sandle, T. (2016) Изучение микрофлоры воды, используемой для фармацевтических целей, - анализ метаданных (Placing sedimentation plates in a unidirectional air flow and the effect of the weight loss (dry agar) on the growth of microbes), Чистые помещения и технологические среды [Cleanrooms and technological environments], 56 (4): 46-53

Sandle, T. (2016) Размещение седиментационной пластины в однонаправленном воздушном потоке и влияние потери массы (высыхания агара) на рост микробов (The study of the microflora of water used for pharmaceutical purposes, - meta analysis), Чистые помещения и технологические среды [Cleanrooms and technological environments], 56 (4): 30-39

Sandle, T. (2016) Revision to cleanroom standard: ISO 14644 Parts 1 and 2, GMP Review, 15 (1): 4-7

Sandle, T. (2016) Key Criteria for the Selection of Rapid and Alternative Microbiological Methods, American Pharmaceutical Review, 19 (3): 46-48

Sandle, T. (2016) Improving microbiological assurance for bioburden tests, European Pharmaceutical Review, 21 (3): 41-44

Sandle, T. (2016) New EMA draft guideline on sterilisation of the medicinal product, GMP Review, 15 (2): 6-8

Vijakumar, R. and Sandle, T. (2016) Bacterial endotoxin contamination and testing limits in ophthalmics, European Pharmaceutical Review, 21 (4): 16-18

Sandle, T. (2016) Top Cleanroom Advances, The Medicine Maker, July / August 2016 (issue 7), pp403-404

Sandle, T. (2016) The importance of detergent selection, The Clinical Services Journal, 15 (8): 72-74

Sandle, T. (2016) Removal of Endotoxin from Protein in Pharmaceutical Processes, American Pharmaceutical Review, 19 (8): 1-5 (http://www.americanpharmaceuticalreview.com/Featured-Articles/190810-Removal-of-Endotoxin-from-Protein-in-Pharmaceutical-Processes/)

Sandle, T. (2016) Evaluation of Quaternary Ammonium Compound Disinfectants  against Mycobacteria in Dental Practices, Dental Update, 43, 723-726

Sandle, T. (2016) Risk of Microbial Spores in Cleanrooms. Part 1: Introduction to Microbial Spores and Survival Mechanisms, Clean Air and Containment Review, 28, pp4-6

Sandle, T. (2016) The development of cleanrooms: an historical review. Part 1: From civil war to safe surgical practice, The Journal – Institute of Science & Technology, Autumn 2016, pp41-47 (ISSN 2040-1868)

Sandle, T. (2017) The European approach to disinfectant qualification, La Vague, No. 52, pp45-48

Sandle, T. (2017) Risk of microbial spores to cleanrooms: Part 2:     Selection of sporicidal disinfectants, Clean Air and Containment Review, Issue 29, pp14-16

Sandle, T. (2017) Establishing a Contamination Control Strategy for Aseptic Processing, American Pharmaceutical Review, 20 (3): 22-28

Sandle, T. (2017) Effective cleaning and disinfection of dental practices, Dental Practice Magazine, March 2017, pp58-66

Sandle, T. (2017) Cleaning and disinfection of dental practice surfaces, Dental Nursing, 13 (2): 86-87

Sandle, T. (2017) Risk assessment and pharmaceutical processing hazards, Microbioz India 3 (3): 10-18

Sandle, T. (2017) Microbiological monitoring of pharmaceutical water systems, European Pharmaceutical Review, 22 (2): 25-27

Sandle, T. (2017) The development of cleanrooms: an historical review – Part 2– The path towards international harmonisation, IST The Journal, Summer 2017, pp1-5

Sandle, T. (2017) European Pharmacopoeia revises Biological Indicator Chapter, GMP Review, 16 (1): 4-6

Sandle, T. (2017) Designing cleanroom equipment for particulate control, Cleanroom News, Issue 2, pp22-23 (Turkish publication: "Parçacık kontrolü için temiz oda tasarımı"). at: http://www.cleanroomnews.org/sayi-2

Sandle, T. (2017) Antimicrobial copper surfaces in hospitals, The Clinical Services Journal, 16 (6): 47-51

Sandle, T. (2017) MHRA annual deficiency review highlights sterility assurance issues, GMP Review, 16 92): 4-7

Sandle, T. (2017) Assessment of Bacterial Endotoxin by Fluorescent Labeling, American Pharmaceutical Review, Endotoxin Supplement, October 2007, pp1-3

Sandle, T. (2017) Applying design and construction standards to cleanroom builds, Cleanroom Technology, 25 (8): 16-18

Sandle, T. (2017) The people factor: investigating the gown, European Pharmaceutical Review, 22 (4): 23-26

Technical articles (internet and on-line published articles)

Sandle, T. Microbiology and the Internet, PharMIG web-site(www.PharMIG.org.uk), November 1999

Sandle, T. ‘Update on Bacterial Taxonomy’, internet only article, published in the members’ section of PharMIG (www.pharmig.org.uk), December 2005

Sandle, T. Dycem Flooring. On-line at: http://www.cleanroom-technology.co.uk/story.asp?storyCode=39685 (first accessed 29th July 2006); 
Also printed on-line at Lifesciences News:http://www.lifesciencesnews.com/articleView~idArticle~73104_937924181052006.html(10th May 2006)
And in Packaging Today at:
And at the Dycem website:
http://www.dycem.com/latestnews.php (accessed 10th April 2007)

Sandle, T. Selection of Active Air-Samplers, BioSciences Quality Testing Forum (BioQT) website: http://www.bioqtforum.com/Selection-of-active-air-samplers (accessed 15th September 2010)

Sandle, T. (2010): The use of risk assessment tools for microbiological assessment of cleanroom environments, Internet article, GMP Guru, Insight Systems Inc., at: http://www.insightcgmp.com/gmp-guru/risk-assessment-tools.pdf (uploaded on 27th September 2010).

Saghee, M.R. and Sandle, T. (2010): 'Embracing quality risk management: The new paradigm', Express Pharma, Pharma Technology Review, 16th - 30th September 2010, On-line paper at: http://www.expresspharmaonline.com/20100930/pharmatechnologyreview02.shtml (accessed 30th September 2010)

Sandle, T. and Saghee, M.R. (2010): Advances in cleanroom technologies, Express Pharma, 16th-30th September, On-line Paper: http://www.expresspharmaonline.com/20100930/expressbiotech13.shtml (accessed 30th September 2010)

Sandle, T. (2010): The use of risk assessment tools for microbiological assessment of cleanroom environments, Internet article, GMP Guru, Insight Systems Inc., at: http://www.insightcgmp.com/gmp-guru/risk-assessment-tools.pdf (uploaded on 27th September 2010).


Sandle T. (2011): “Advances in Cleanroom Technology: Manufacturing Perspective”, Process Worldwide at: http://www.process-worldwide.com/index.cfm?pid=9963&pk=17888 (28th June 2011)

Sandle, T. (2011): 'Selection of Disinfectants for Use in the Pharmaceutical Industry', Online article published by PharmaHireWire on 28th June 2011 at: http://www.mypharmacareers.com/pharmajournal/archives/jun11.html

Sandle, T. (2011). “Good Practices for Pharmaceutical Microbiology Laboratories: A review of the 2011 WHO Guidance”, Cryologics, Inc. Newsletter, August 2011 (re-printed at: www.pharmig.blogspot.com) at: http://pharmig.blogspot.com/2011/08/good-practices-for-pharmaceutical.html

Sandle, T. (2012). “Quality Management System”, A3P website, published 1st May 2012 (http://www.a3p.org/index.php/fr/base-documentaire/articles/203-a-la-une/3990-quality-management-system)

Sandle, T. (2012). “Cleaning endoscopes: Considering the risks and benefits of enzymatic and non-enzymatic detergents”, Hospital Bulletin website, published 1st July 2012 (see Hospital Bulletin) http://www.hospital-bulletin.co.uk/features/Infection%20Prevention/shulke.htm

Sandle, T. (2012). "Desinfektionsmittel – Eine Einführung", IAB website, published 27th July 2012 (see IAB) (http://www.iab-reinraumprodukte.de/info-portal/fachartikel/desinfektionsmittel-eine-einfuehrung.html)

Sandle, T. (2012). “Toward a Revised International Cleanroom Standard”, Controlled Environments, on-line article August 2012, pp1-3. Available at: http://www.cemag.us/print/6201 (accessed 3rd August 2012)

Sandle, T. (2012). "Risk Management in Pharmaceutical Microbiology: at look at how HACCP and FMEA can make a difference in the pharma micro lab.", Pharmaceutical Manufacturing Magazine on-line: http://www.pharmamanufacturing.com/articles/2011/126.html?page=full (accessed 9th October 2012).

Rapid Microbial Methods: A Q&A with Dr. Tim Sandle, Rapid Micro Biosystems: http://www.rapidmicrobio.com/blog/rapid-microbial-methods-a-qa-with-dr.-tim-sandle (July 2014)

Microbiological Monitoring Roundtable - conversation with Tim Sandle and other microbiologists, with American Pharmaceutical Review  http://www.americanpharmaceuticalreview.com/Featured-Articles/167343-Microbiological-Monitoring-Roundtable/

Sandle, T. (2010) Cleanroom Particle Counting: The 5 Micron Issue, Pharmaceutical Online (online publication): http://www.pharmaceuticalonline.com/doc/cleanroom-particle-counting-the-5-micron-iss-0001

Tim Sandle - participant (2016) LAL Roundtable, American Pharmaceutical Review, 19(6): 47-51 http://www.americanpharmaceuticalreview.com/Featured-Articles/239887-LAL-Roundtable/

Tim Sandle Q&A - in conversation with Institute of Validation Technology, April 2017 at: http://www.ivtnetwork.com/article/meet-ivt-board-tim-sandle

Sandle, T. (2017) Risk and Microbiological Contamination, PDA Letter, Volume LIII (7),  (July 2017, pp8 at: https://www.pda.org/pda-letter-portal/archives/full-article/pda-summer-reading-for-2017

Technical guides

Author of Pharmig LAL Fact Sheet Series (series editor). 2005 -2007 (sheets 1 to 6) [re-designed and re-printed 2010]

Technical adviser to publication: Microbiological Control for Non-Sterile Pharmaceuticals, published by Pharmig and PQG, 2008

Author of Pharmig Microorganism Fact Sheets. 8 full colour sheets relating to the Microbial Examination of Non-Sterile Products, written by Tim Sandle and issued in November 2013.

Author of Pharmig Microorganism Fact Sheets. 8 full colour sheets relating to the Objectionable Microorganisms, written by Tim Sandle and issued in November 2014.

Contributing author / editor to PHSS (2014) Bio-contamination, Technical Monograph No. 20, Pharmaceutical and Healthcare Sciences Society, Wiltshire, U.K. https://phss.site-ym.com/store/ViewProduct.aspx?id=3427062

PDA Technical Report #69: Bioburden and Biofilm Management in Pharmaceutical Manufacturing Operations, 2015

PDA Technical Report #70: Fundamentals of Cleaning and Disinfection Programs for Aseptic Manufacturing Facilities, 2015

Contributing author to The Cosmetic, Toiletry and Perfumery Association & Pharmig (2015) Rapid and Alternative Microbiological Methods, published by the CPTA, London

Author of Pharmig Microorganism Fact Sheets. 8 full colour sheets relating to pharmaceutical important fungi, written by Tim Sandle and issued in November 2015.

Author of Pharmig Microorganism Fact Sheets. 8 full colour sheets relating to important environmental isolates, written by Tim Sandle and issued in November 2016

Written conference papers

Sandle, T. Cleanroom Monitoring – What, When and How Often, included in Pharmaceutical Cleanrooms conference pack for the ‘Cleanrooms 2003 Conference’ 16 – 19th March 2003, Cambridge

Sandle, T. Sterility Testing – A Practical Approach. Written paper presented to PharMIG Microbiological Methods Validation Conference, St. Albans, 4th June 2003

Sandle, T. Points to Consider In Performing Risk Assessments Of Isolators Used For Aseptic Processes. Written paper presented to the AUDITS 13 conference, organised by La Calhene, Brussels, 16th September 2003

Sandle, T. Current Practices in Sterility Testing. Written paper presented to Institute of Validation Technology Microbiology Event of the Year, December 2003, Dublin

Sandle, T. Sterility Testing – A Practical Approach (Revised). Written paper presented to PharMIG Microbiological Methods Validation Conference,Dublin, 25th March 2004

Sandle, T. Three Aspects of LAL Testing: Glucans, Depyropgenation and Water System Qualification. Written paper presented to PharMIG Endotoxin Course, Waltham Abbey, 3rd June 2004.

Sandle, T. Microbiological Environmental Monitoring in an Isolator Used for Aseptic Filling or Sterility Testing, written paper presented to the La Calhene Audits 15 Conference, Brussels, 21st September 2004

Sandle, T. Environmental Monitoring Risk Assessment. Written paper presented to Institute of Validation Technology Microbiology Event of the Year’, Amsterdam, November 2004

Sandle, T. The Use of Risk Assessment in Developing a Viable Environmental Monitoring Programme. Written paper presented toPharmaceutical Cleanrooms 2005, Cambridge, September 2005

Sandle, T. A guide to the Pharmaceutical Microbiology Interest Group Web Forum, paper presented to the PharMIG Conference, 23rd November 2005

Sandle, T. The Distribution of Microbiological Data, Written Paper for the PharMIG Irish Conference, Cork, 7th June, 2006

Alexander, B. and Sandle, T. Managing a Microbiology Laboratory Training Programme, a PharMIG training package (issued to delegates with the one-day workshop papers on 29th March 2007)

Sandle, T. Applying Failure Mode and Effects Analysis (FMEA) to a Sterility Testing Isolator: A Case Study, written paper included with the PharMIG Risk Based Management in Pharmaceutical Microbiology, 27th June 2007

Reports

Sandle, T. (2011): ‘Pharmig Conference Summary: November 2010’, Pharmig News, Number 42, pp10-11

Contributing interview to ‘Ensuring Sterility of Parenteral Products’, along with James Agalloco and Benoît Verjans. Published in Pharmaceutical Technology, April 2013, pp2-6

Cox, B. (2013). Are Cleanrooms Clean? Human Microbiome Project Raises Some Questions, The Gold Sheet, 47 (11): 16-18 - a review of Tim Sandle's 2013 PDA Microbiology presentation.

Interviews

An interview with Tim Sandle, conducted by Pharmaceutical Bioprocessing (http://www.future-science.com/doi/pdf/10.4155/pbp.13.64):
Sandle, T. (2014). Pharmaceutical Microbiology, Pharmecutical Bioprocessing; 2(1): 17–21

Interview with Tim Sandle for Microbiology Today by Saumyadip Sarkar.

Sakar, S. (2014) Portrait - an interview with Dr. Tim Sandle, Micrographia Today, 1 (2): 16-20

http://www.wethemicrobiologist.in/uploads/9/4/5/2/9452624/06._magazine_feb_-_mar_1.pdf

Regulatory updates

Tim Sandle writes a quarterly column on regulatory updates for Pharmig News. The series began in 2008 and continues to date.

Poster abstract

Poster abstract ‘Assessing airborne contamination using a novel rapid microbiological method’ by Tim Sandle, Clare Leavy and Rachel Rhodes. Published in Helapet Newsletter, Issue 4, 2015, p2.

Notes
[1] This paper was featured in a book about marketing:

Title
Principles of direct and database marketing
Author
Edition
4, illustrated
Publisher
Pearson Education, 2008
ISBN
0273713027, 9780273713029
Length
517 pages



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